Fitzgerald: The American Balzac How European Literature(Bazlac , Pushkin) Affected One Of The Greatest American Writers Of All Time.

1104 words - 4 pages

At the dawn of the twentieth century some American writers have emerged that created pieces of literature which are today known as masterpieces. F. Scott Fitzgerald stands out as the pioneer of modern American literature who created a world full of complex character. Even though Fitzgerald's masterpiece "The Great Gatsby" presents the American high society and it's secrets , it is obvious that Fitzgerald was affected by the European literature.The best works of literature came out of european literature in the nineteenth century. Many writers like Balzac, Hugo and Tolstoy concentrated more on the complexity of humans and the lives they lead. Out of all the writers of romanticism and realism Honore de Balzac stands out with his anthology "The Human Comedy". In this vast collection of books Balzac described the life of ordinary people as well as wealthy people from aristocratic families.According to Arnold Haussner Balzac was "the master of the social novel", and described him as the "founder of the new conception of man" by which "the individual exist only in relation to society (Honoré de Balzac (1799-1850)). He used his special blend of Parisian coffee to stay awake for 16 hours while he wrote. His works were a success , not just in France but also globally. The most famous book from the collection "Old Goriot" was the climax of his work. The book had many themes which are even today actual and because of that it also affected the United States.Two main protagonists Old Goriot and Eugene de Rastigac both present the symbols of human complexity and the weaknesses every individual has. Those weaknesses include greed, addiction and lack of emotions which are also present in Fitzgerald's book "The Great Gatsby. As a summary Mauriac says that "Old Goriot" is the "centre-point or nucleus from which branch out the spacious avenues that he (Balzac) has riven through the thickness of his human jungle"(Balzac vii)Before truly analyzing Fitzgerald as an writer affected by European literature , one must see the connection between Fitzgerald and the Russian writers who represented the finest literary masters. One of them, a poet, named Alexander Pushkin created whole novels written in poems. His most famous work "Eugene Onegin" was the symbol of romanticism and also presented a major influencer war all the writers that lived after Pushkin's death. Onegin as the main character, is a member of an aristocratic family. He falls into a state of lethargy when he realizes that everything is dull , including love. As the main female character Tatyana tries everything to get closer to Onegin who simply ignores her. As the book progresses Onegin changes , realizing that Tatyana is his love. In his final letter to her he admits his loss when he writes "I'm yours, in a predestined fashion, And I surrender to my fate" (Pushkin, 223).After analyzing the books of European writers , one realizes the connection between the two cultures, European and American, the old...

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