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Five Ideal Typical Traits Or Values As Part Of Journalisms’ Ideology

1494 words - 6 pages

At November 2013, a student of University of Indonesia, later known by her alias RW, reported an Indonesian famous poet, Sitok Srengenge to police. Sitok was accused of raping and impregnating RW. Sitok is an active poet and curator of Salihara, a cultural and art community owned by Tempo, one of giant media group in Indonesia. Starts from this case, Indonesian news media, especially online news, were in race to expose the story. Those online news media framed this case from different angle and point of view. Ironically, Tempo, which strongly supported a raped female journalist in Jakarta to speak out a few months before this case, framed their publication by taking role as Sitok’s ...view middle of the document...

Meanwhile in Sitok’s case, area of news coverage includes personal issue (Sitok’s family and the victim), justice effort for the victim and police handling.
Table 1 summarizes the news titles comparison between Tempo ( and other Indonesian online media, such as Kompas (, Republika (, The Jakarta Post ( and Jawa Pos ( regarding Sitok case. The news titles have been translated from Indonesian to English, except the titles from The Jakarta Post, which is an English daily newspaper.

Regarding the first column of accusation and revealing name issue, Kompas and The Jakarta Post only mentioned “a poet” and “poet”. Meanwhile Tempo and Republika disclosed Sitok Srengenge name and his occupation clearly, as a person that has been reported to police. Although Tempo revealed real name, the article titled “Poet Sitok Srengenge is Reported to Police” merely explained that Sitok is reported due to his offensive treatment toward a woman, no exact words such as ‘raped’ or ‘impregnated’. Moreover, Tempo cited Sitok’s response about the report as a closing paragraph as translated, “Sitok denies the harassment allegation. Sitok said to Tempo that he is ready to take the responsibility.” Compare to Kompas’s article “Suspected of Impregnating an University Student, a Poet is Reported to Police” and Republika’s “It is Reported that Poet Sitok Srengenge Impregnated an University Student”, these two articles focused on the victim’s pregnancy.

From personal issue aspect, Tempo exposed Sitok’s family condition after the case, rather than the victim’s condition. Based on two articles from Tempo, “Sitok’s Wife is Keeping the Faith” and “Sitok Srengenge’s Daughter is Disappointed, but…”, Tempo was telling a family drama about a cheating husband and his faithful wife. These two articles put same quote from Sitok when he said that he will be responsible and his relationship with victim is a casual sex.

In terms of how media put RW as the victim, Kompas, Jawa Pos, Republika and The Jakarta Post answered with one voice to define RW as Sitok’s rape victim. Jawa Pos stated the victim position according to a statement from Arimi, a female activist that believed Sitok had abused his power to exploit RW’s sexuality. Although Kompas did not use the blatant word to define the victim, an article from Kompas implicitly affirmed RW’s position by writing RW’s mental condition at that time and her suicide attempts. The Jakarta Post also brought the similar story about RW’s psychological condition. In the other side, Tempo had framed this case as a casual sex from the beginning. Therefore supposedly there was no victim, especially by underlining Sitok’s family response and statement from Sitok that he will be responsible. The Sitok’s responsibility statement that repeated as closing paragraph is clearly indicated the point where Tempo played their news framing. The repeating information influences the audience to perceive...

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