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Five Pillars Of Islam And The Confirmation Of The Ten Commandments In The Quran

4691 words - 19 pages

The 5 Pillars of Islam and the 10 CommandmentsIslam and Christianity are both major religions in the world today, with followers from all walks of life and from every corner of the Earth. Each of these religions has its own teachings and beliefs but there are similarities amongst some, if not, a majority of the essential teachings. Islam and Christianity both have teachings and beliefs in a majority of the same prophets and messengers but the major split arises in the context that Christians believe in the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ while Muslims believe that Jesus did not die. Nevertheless, the purpose of this paper is to illustrate, what may be to some, the foundation of both ...view middle of the document...

" The man said, "You spoke the truth." We were surprised at his asking and confirming at the same time"The stranger then asked the Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) a few more questions which the Prophet (S.A.W) answered and then the stranger left."The Prophet (S.A.W) remained seated for quite a while, then he asked me, "O 'Umar, do you know who the questioner was?" I said, "Allah and his Messenger know best." He said, "That was Jibrael, he came to teach you your religion."From this, we can see that the five ritual duties that the Prophet Muhammad set forth were as follows:1.Pronouncing the confession of faith (shahada or kalima);2.Performing the five daily prayers (salat);3.Fasting during the month of Ramadan (saum)4.Paying the alms tax (zakat)5.Performing, at least once in life, the major pilgrimage to Mecca (hajj).I.The Shahadah, or profession of faith:The Shahada is the Arabic statement "La ilah illa Allah wa Muhammad rasul Allah," meaning "There is no God but Allah and Muhammad is His prophet."The Britannica Encyclopedia defines Shahadah as follows:"The first pillar is the profession of faith: "There is no deity but God, and Muḥammad is the messenger of God," upon which depends membership in the community. The profession of faith must be recited at least once in one's lifetime, aloud, correctly, and purposively, with an understanding of its meaning and with an assent from the heart. From this fundamental belief are derived beliefs in (1) angels (particularly Gabriel, the Angel of Revelation), (2) the revealed Books (the Qurʾān and the sacred books of Judaism and Christianity), (3) a series of prophets (among whom figures of the Judeo-Christian tradition are particularly eminent, although it is believed that God has sent messengers to every nation), and (4) the Last Day (Day of Judgment)."This profession of faith must be done with sincerity and without any reservation. It is the foundation for all other beliefs and practices in Islam.II.Prayer or Salat:The second Pillar of Islam is prayer,"And establish regular prayers at the two ends of the day and at the approaches of the night: for those things that are good remove those that are evil: That is a reminder for the mindful. And be steadfast in patience; For verily Allah (SWT) will not suffer the reward of the righteous to perish."Every Muslim is required to pray 5 times a day. These prayers may be offered individually if one is unable to go to the mosque. The first prayer is performed before sunrise and is called Fajr, the second just after noon, the third in the late afternoon, the fourth immediately after sunset, and the fifth before retiring to bed."The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) used to lead the congregation of Muslims in Mecca and Medina in prayer, thus demonstrating to them the way in which prayer should be performed. The prayer consists of reciting the first Surah of the Qur'an, Al-Fatihah, referred to as "the seven often repeated verses," followed by the recitation of a chosen...

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