This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Fixed Needle Exchange Shutdown Essay

1870 words - 7 pages

This article outlines, through studies and research, how the shut down of the only fixed needle exchange in Victoria affects the social welfare of those needing to use clean sterilized needles. Due to complaints of the hazard issues and public disturbances from neighbours the fixed needle exchange shut down (Cleverley, 2010). As a result, there has been an increase in dirty needle usage which is causing an increase in health hazards, more than that of Vancouver (Cleverley, 2010). The sharing and use of dirty needles contributes to the spread of hepatitis C and HIV, which is a huge concern when it comes to public health (Cleverley, 2010). In order to re-establish and an effective well-run fixed needle exchange that will solely focus on providing a safe injection site to address the public health and public disorder the business community, health officials and the city need to work together (Cleverley, 2010).

Through this article I felt that a social policy of re-implementing a needle exchange program in Victoria is seen as a necessity for everyone. It is seen this way because it will help by preventing the spread of diseases such as hepatitis C and HIV that are caused by reusing and sharing needles (Cleverley, 2010). I was shocked to know that the spread of these diseases in Victoria was significantly higher than that of Vancouver for the past 3 years due to the shut down of the needle exchange (Cleverley, 2010). Also, I realized how big of an impact the needle exchanged program had considering the sharing and reusing of needles doubled within one year of its closure (Cleverley, 2010). The fact that this article was based on a study done by university of Victoria graduates was something I really appreciated. It is nice to see people from your school trying to bring awareness and shed light on an issue of this topic. One thing that I realized about this article what that it was very bias. There was no representation from anyone from the side that complained about the fixed needle exchange back in 2008 or anyone who is in the situation of reusing and sharing needles. There were only the thoughts and the opinions of Victoria Council Philippe Lucas and I wish there was more representation from others.

The problem in this article is being framed by providing facts, through studies and research, as to how the needle exchange program benefitted needle users and how the sharing rate has increased since its closure. Since the closure of Victoria’s needle exchange in 2008 the number of needles distributed monthly dropped to about 30,000 a month from 45,000 (Cleverley, 2010). Also, a comparison to Vancouver’s needle exchange program was used to show readers that there are benefits to having a needle exchange facility. Vancouver has several needle exchanges where as Victoria has had none since 2008 and because of that needle sharing has jumped to 23 per cent in late 2009 from 10 percent in early 2008 compared to Vancouver’s which remained...

Find Another Essay On Fixed Needle Exchange Shutdown

Drug decriminalization Essay

1522 words - 7 pages used in harm-reduction programs such as needle exchange, treatment of addiction and drug education. Thanks to these preventive programs, the numbers of drug users with HIV or hepatitis B or C have decreased as well as drug related deaths22 The Portugal Drug policymakers as well as law enforcement sector believe that decriminalization is "far more effective approach to managing Portugal’s addiction problems and other drug-related afflictions."23

economy- national planning commision Essay

9686 words - 39 pages placements, correction of some overpriced stocks, perception of a sliding market which fuelled panic trading and so on had a dampening effect on the market. The Nigeria Stock Exchange market capitalisation dropped by 26.5% from N9.563 trillion to N7.03 trillion at December 2009. This decline resulted from equity price losses during the period and the delisting of 64 securities including 11 equities and 53 fixed income securities. The equity price loss

Database Systems: Big Data Evolution and Efficiency

2224 words - 9 pages mining is going. Data does not need to be preloaded with a fixed schema as it does with DBMS. In this system, data is automatically partitioned onto multiple machines by key-value pairs; the map function of MapReduce [3]. Then data is resorted and moves into the reduce function. The final results are computed from the reduce functions yielding the final output. The map and reduce functions are executed either once or multiple times depending


4412 words - 18 pages Toyota and Lexus brands' vehicles due to the damage to elements of the substrate and potential shutdown of the hybrid system. Further in the year, Toyota recalled 181,000 vehicles in Japan in relation to abnormal noise and oil leakage that Analysis of Toyota Motor Corporation by Thembani Nkomo may have resulted from slack of bolts in the sub transmission and the rear wheel differential. In addition, the company was involved in government


4558 words - 18 pages THE MARKETING PROCESSThere are many definitions of marketing which generally revolve around the primacy of customers as part of an exchange process. Customers needs are the starting point for all marketing activity. Marketing managers try to identify these needs and develop products which will satisfy customers needs through an exchange process. As a business philosophy, markerting puts customers at the centre of all the organisations


8379 words - 34 pages exchange sequence. One Time Passwords (OTP) One time passwords are an example of "what you know" authentication, but enhances the practice of never using the same password twice. For example, after you start a session with a server, it will send out a challenge, which must be answered using a specially designed OTP application. The application might be running on a workstation or contained in a dedicated device that is plugged into the workstation

art of fiction

11507 words - 46 pages , there have been signs of returning animation-the era of discussion would appear to have been to a certain extent opened. Art lives upon discussion, upon experiment, upon curiosity, upon variety of attempt, upon the exchange of views and the comparison of standpoints; and there is a presumption that those times when no one has anything particular to say about it, and has no reason to give for practice or preference, though they may be times of genius

Mc Donalds company study

10276 words - 41 pages States allows that the meat of the hamburger possesses 33% of fat, McDonald's it hardly demands a 17 and 20.5%. even when in some hamburgers they are continuing using preservatives, a thing McDonald's the prohibits, and when it speaks of "a hundred percent meat", it doesn't include undesirable parts, 83% is needle lean meat and livestock backs fed with grasses, and 17% of chosen rib, of livestock fed with grain. But that that now seems idyllic

Sumerian Lexicon

8125 words - 33 pages , *ka'Vn- 'be true', Akkadian kânu; cf., ñin, ñen). adj., just; firm; fixed; reliable, trustworthy. gi(4): to surround, besiege; to lock up (circle + to descend into). gi(17): n., young man (small and thin like a reed). adj., small. gí, gé: reed mat. gi4, ge4: to return, come back; to send (back) (with -ši-); to reject, dislike; to restore; to answer (person to whom answer is given resumed by dative prefix

When the Bubble Burst

1539 words - 6 pages By the time I arrived state side from my second tour in the Middle East the housing bubble had already burst. I noticed a drastic change in the way that many of my friends and family were living. Several of my friends that worked in real estate had sold their boats and seconds houses. My own stock portfolio had lost a third of its value. My sister and her husband had defaulted on their home mortgage leaving them scrambling for a place to live. I

phase diagram

4456 words - 18 pages runs (7 to 12) Figure 5 Phase diagram of binary Durene / Phenanthrene system at fixed temperature (1,2) and fixed composition (3,4) left to right. Discussion: In order to construct the phase diagram for the binary (Naphtalene/Durene) system, two independent methods were used. Firstly, the crystallization temperatures were determined by analyzing the temperature changes with respect to time while cooling the sample (Thermal

Similar Essays

Burundi Population And Economy Essay

619 words - 3 pages % workforce (the majority of the population lives of agricultures) among the most cultivated crops are: tea, coffee, cotton, corn, sorghum, and bananas. Coffee is the biggest earner in international exchange which possess 70 % of the exports in 2011.burundi mining output has rose sharply especially cassiterite and colombite-tantalite. However it is produce at a small scale and its contribution to the GDP, in small scale it includes

The Us Federal Government And The History Of National Debt Spending

2608 words - 11 pages The United States debt limit, or debt ceiling, is the permissibly agreed amount of debt the U.S. Treasury can issue, either by borrowing from the public or issuing an intra-governmental receipt to special accounts, such as the Social Security or Medicare trust funds. A government shutdown usually occurs when Congress fails to enact an annual federal budget within the timeframe established by law or when appropriations authorization expires

Diabetes Essay

3235 words - 13 pages periodic health care appointments. The quantitative diet has many other factors besides quantity. It is more of a type of exchange diet, with equal values of different foods. There are two methods for preparing quantitative diets. They are the exchange measure diet and the fixed weighed diet. The exchange-measured diet is based upon the premise that foods that contain the same food value can be exchanged with one another, without altering the

Financial Regulations In Healthcare Essay

1049 words - 4 pages Since the hospital prospective payment system ("PPS") was introduced in the mid-1980s, hospitals have been trying to develop a means by which they can align their financial incentives with those of their physicians. PPS limits hospitals to a fixed reimbursement amount based on diagnosis, with some adjustment based on the resources used by the patients under certain limited circumstances. However, physicians remain reimbursed based on a fee