This article discussed the flight safety legislation, which required federal government to ensure aviation security by hiring 28,000 staff to screen travelers and baggage at the nation’s airports within one year. The case supported many features of the direct government tool, such as high directness, low automaticity, high degree of coerciveness and high visibility. The political factors impacting it further indicate that the debates and choices of details related to the tool are essentially the debates and choices of control.
The tool embodied by this article is direct government, the nature of which is that government employees deliver goods and provide services. By involving federal employees into the security checking duty, the government provides services directly to the public.
Discussion regarding to the tool features will unfold in the sequence of its directness, automaticity, coerciveness and visibility.
To begin with, direct government, which uses bureaucracy to mobilize resources and to carry out decisions, enjoys a high degree of directness. This can be manifested by the fact that federal government would be responsible for hiring, training and deploying 28,000 to 29,000 screeners and in charge of delivering security-checking services.
Secondly, direct government usually has a low automaticity because it requires specialized structures to keep up with its specific tasks. At first glance, the federal government only needs to grant the recruiting job to Transportation Security Administration and everything is done. However, a closer look at the problem reveals that in order to complete the transition to a federalized system, the Department of Transportation (DOT) will have to figure out many details and logistics about that. In this sense, it did illustrate the low automaticity feature of direct government.
Thirdly, compared with other tools employed by government, direct government generally has a high degree of coerciveness. Once the agreement was signed by the president and...