This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Flooding In Bangkok Essay

998 words - 4 pages

Thailand is a tropical country which is part of the Indochina peninsula. Thailand is bordered in the north by the Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR), in the east by Lao PDR and Cambodia, in the south by the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia, and in the west by the Andaman Sea and the Union of Myanmar (Thailand Population 2013). The total land area is about 512,000 km2. The current population as of 2013 within the Kingdom of Thailand is about 69.52 million people, which is an approximate 6.2% increase from the population taken in the 2010 census (Thailand Population 2013). Every year in this beautiful country flooding in Bangkok is a critical issue which impacts the people of Thailand.
Thailand is composed of several geographic regions with four main zones:
The fertile central region dominated by the Chao Phraya river; the drought and flood-prone,
poor, northeast plateau; the rugged northern region dominated by mountains and fertile
valleys; and the southern peninsular region characterized by rain forest (Weightman 423).
Flooding has always been part of the natural environment of Thailand. Since historical times populations that live within the urban and rural floodplains have learned of ways to adapt and survive (Balancing 2). With the economic development of many areas within the floodplain regions over the later part of the last century many areas have become further susceptible to seasonal rains and flooding.
During seasons with heavier than usual monsoon rains the floodwaters which overwhelm the floodplains and drainage systems are flowing from the central regions of the country down through the lower region of the Chao Phraya River and through the heavily populated capital city of Bangkok and then eventually on out to the sea. Bangkok is in a precarious position according to a study by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).
Bangkok is ranked as the seventh most vulnerable port city in the world in terms of
population exposed to coastal flooding. This is due to the fact that the city is on average
only a meter above sea level (although some areas are already below it) and that it is located
next to the Gulf of Thailand, which has been rising a quarter of a centimeter annually. To
compound the problem, Bangkok is sinking on its own: the enormous amount of water used by
the city's residents lowers the water table, causing the layers of clay below to subside (Waltham 6).
Smith Dharmasaroja, chairman of the Committee of National Disaster Warning Administration, ominously warned in 2007, "We feel that with the ground sinking and the sea water rising, Bangkok will be under sea water in the next 15 to 20 years--permanently." (Marks)
The sea level and tides can also impede the drainage process extending the duration of the flood period for several weeks which contributes to the economic devastation. During a flooding episode in 2011 according to the...

Find Another Essay On flooding in bangkok

Species Conservation Issues in the Southeast of England

2369 words - 9 pages a prolonged lag phase where rate of spread was very low. The mature plant reaches heights of 5m and produces large leaves which prevent light from reaching native vegetation underneath. The lack of a diverse native community also means there is no extensive root mat to stabilise ‘river banks’ (unconfirmed literature), which initially die back during winter. This results in higher risk of erosion and flooding, which is economically unfavourable

The Causes and Effects of Global Warming

2747 words - 11 pages , London and Bangkok (Godrej 30).There is expected to be a change in global precipitation. This should be balanced by an increase in evaporation due to the change in temperature (Lutz, 22). Extreme weather is likely to increase (Lutz 22, Godrej 45). This includes more frequent and intense heat waves, changes in the frequency of droughts and floods, increased costal flooding, and more damaging storm surges (Lutz, 3). Global warming is also expected

When the Bubble Burst

1539 words - 6 pages By the time I arrived state side from my second tour in the Middle East the housing bubble had already burst. I noticed a drastic change in the way that many of my friends and family were living. Several of my friends that worked in real estate had sold their boats and seconds houses. My own stock portfolio had lost a third of its value. My sister and her husband had defaulted on their home mortgage leaving them scrambling for a place to live. I

phase diagram

4456 words - 18 pages Introduction: Chemical equilibrium is a crucial topic in Chemistry. To represent and model equilibrium, the thermodynamic concept of Free energy is usually used. For a multi-component system the Gibbs free energy is a function of Pressure, Temperature and quantity (mass, moles) of each component. If one of these parameters is changed, a state change to a more energetically favorable state will occur. This state has the lowest free energy

Revolutionary Work of Art

1890 words - 8 pages Walter Benjamin emphasizes in his essay, “The Work of Art in the Age of its Technological Reproducibility” that technology used to make an artwork has changed the way it was received, and its “aura”. Aura represents the originality and authenticity of a work of art that has not been reproduced. The Sistine Chapel in the Vatican is an example of a work that has been and truly a beacon of art. It has brought a benefit and enlightenment to the art

Enlightenment Thought in New Zealand Schools

1594 words - 6 pages In this essay I will be looking at how the political and intellectual ideas of the enlightenment have shaped New Zealand Education. I will also be discussing the perennial tension of local control versus central control of education, and how this has been affected by the political and intellectual ideas of the enlightenment. The enlightenment was an intellectual movement, which beginnings of were marked by the Glorious Revolution in Britain

Psychological Egoism Theory

2240 words - 9 pages The theory of psychological egoism is indeed plausible. The meaning of plausible in the context of this paper refers to the validity or the conceivability of the theory in question, to explain the nature and motivation of human behavior (Hinman, 2007). Human actions are motivated by the satisfaction obtained after completing a task that they are involved in. For example, Mother Teresa was satisfied by her benevolent actions and

How Celtic Folkore has Influenced My Family

1587 words - 6 pages Every family has a unique background that influences the way they live and interact with other people. My parents, who emigrated from Ireland to the States with my three brothers in 1989, brought over their own Celtic folklore and traditions that have helped shaped the way our family operates and lives. One aspect of folklore that has helped shape my family dynamic is the Celtic cross—both its background and what role it has played in our lives

Julia Margaret Cameron

1406 words - 6 pages At a time when women were looked upon as being homemakers, wives, mothers and such the late 1850's presented a change in pace for one woman in specific. Photography was discovered in 1826 and soon after the phenomenon of photography was being experimented with and in turn brought new and different ways of photo taking not only as documenting real time, but also conceptualizing a scene in which an image would be taken. Julia Margaret Cameron will

Evaluation of School Improvement

1403 words - 6 pages The evaluation process should be progressive to incorporate overall planning, implement changes, which contribute to success. In order to focus on school climate and norms, the evaluation design must include the students, instructions, and outcomes to improve communication and building-level concerns to be address in this response. School Climate and Social Norms The school principal, other staff leaders, and personnel set the tone and the

Case Study: The Benefits of Animal Testing

1757 words - 7 pages Nine year old Amy has already had a rough start in life. She was born with an abnormal heart that hinders her everyday activities. Amy is unable to keep up with kids her own age because she often tires out easily. As a consequence, she has very little friends and is often alone. Amy is forced to take different medications everyday just to survive. Amy’s life consists of medicine, doctors, and constant hospital visits. However, Amy is due for a

Similar Essays

Bacigalupi's Message Essay

1757 words - 7 pages slant more towards critique... and that means I'm going to talk about the ending. Don't read any further if you hate having endings 'spoiled!' Don't say I didn't warn you... and don't make me haul out the tag! "Windup Girl" takes place in Bangkok, Thailand. In this future, like modern-day Netherlands, Bangkok is holding back the rising waters that (literally) threaten to drown it. The world we're in is firmly the same universe as "The Calorie

A Critical Analysis Of The Strategic Environmental Assessment Of Hydropower On The Mekong Mainstream

2358 words - 10 pages downstream flooding villages with only 1-2 hours notice. With the release of water being controlled by the dams and their operators there is going to be a significant alteration in the natural seasonal flows of the river, which have distinct seasonal variations that the Mekong’s biota rely upon and have adapted to over 100s of years. The altering of natural flows will result in a lessening of monsoonal flooding, essential for the health of floodplains

Global Warming Essay

2544 words - 10 pages has caused the global sea level to rise between four and eight inches in the past one hundred years. If this continues, many small islands could be under water within the span of a human life. Some places, especially in the South Pacific, that are barely above sea level or worse, have already begun devising evacuation plans. Even megacities such as New York, Bangkok, Shanghai, and Tokyo are at great risk. The rising sea level can also cause

Will Western Pop Culture Destroy National Culture In Thailand And Malaysia?

1928 words - 8 pages Western Protection Bill' in a bid to rejuvenate the lost art of traditional Thai medicine, deforestation has reduced stocks of wild plants making it increasingly harder for those who practice traditional medicine to get a hold plants that should be in abundance.With the destruction of rainforests which act as natural sponges during the rainy season, there is now extreme flooding. Hydro-electric dams were built and "The Thai people began to loose