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Florence Nightingale, The First Nursing Theorist

937 words - 4 pages

Florence Nightingale, named after the Italian city she was born in, was born to a family of upper class citizens on May 12, 1820 (Florence Nightingale 1820 – 1910). She grew up educated in many languages and subjects and one day, “Nightingale felt that God was calling her to do some work, but wasn't sure what that work should be,” then she began developing a passion for nursing (Florence Nightingale 1820 – 1910). Her parents did not approve of this passion because they felt it was a job for the lower class, but they eventually relented and sent her off to nursing school (Florence Nightingale 1820 – 1910). Nightingale attended a nursing school in Kaiserwerth, Germany in 1851, and by 1853, she ...view middle of the document...

Nightingale observed that as sanitation was improved, the number of deaths decreased.
The theory Nightingale developed focused on the environment. “For her, creating an environment that provided the condition for natural healing to occur was the focus of nursing” (Parker & Smith, 2010), and she did this by keeping the hospital clean and keeping the food clean. She started buying fresh food, cleaning the kitchen, and paid workers to clear the drains and this tremendously improved the health of the sick (Florence Nightingale). In her book, Notes on Nursing: what it is, and what it is not, she says that “the proper use of fresh air, light, warmth, cleanliness, quiet, and the proper selection and administrations of diet” (Nightingale, 1860) was what brought about the “natural healing” process (Parker & Smith, 2010). She also said that it was impossible to nurse when there was “bad sanitary, bad architectural, and bad administrative arrangements” (Nightingale, 1860).
When Nightingale arrived back home, she later met with Queen Victoria and she told Queen Victoria what was not right with the hospitals; then the army began training doctors, hospitals got cleaner, and soldiers got better clothes and food (Florence Nightingale). Her theory was applied everywhere because when she opened the Nightingale Training School for nurses in 1860, the nurses trained there went off around Europe and implemented what they had learned, which was based on Nightingale’s theory (Florence Nightingale). If the patient required noise reduction then noise had to be reduced to help the patient heal better. If the patient required sunlight and warmth to get well, then they would be put in the sunlight and provided warmth.
Florence Nightingale believed that a good, peaceful, quiet, and warm environment helped...

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