1. Explain what you think are the most important social skills in our society. How would you begin to teach them to infants and toddlers?
Social behaviors have different stages. “The first stage of psychosocial development is trust” (Gonzalez-Mena & Eyer, 2009). These stages include trust, autonomy, and initiative. Trust is gained when an infant feels that all his or her needs are met. For example, the mother pick the baby up when it is crying. The mother give the baby food when it is hungry. The mother change the baby diaper when he or she is dirty. This is how infants become social. The infant is able to communicate with the parent by crying. The second stage of psychosocial development is autonomy.
“Autonomy, occurs as the growing infant reaches the second year and begins to move around in the environment” (Gonzalez-Mena & Eyer, 2009). During this stage children are able to try things on their own. For example, they may try to use their own potty. Some of the babies are trying to be more independent. This mean they try to do things without their parents help.
Social skills is very important for children to learn. Social skills are needed to participate in society. As we know, you must be able to communicate in order to be social. Children who work in groups are learning their social skills and they can work with and cooperate with others. “Research shows that social skills and emotional development (reflected in the ability to pay attention, make transitions from one activity to another, and cooperate with others) are a very important part of school readiness”(PBS).
The final stage in the social development initiative. In this stage children are trying to find out how to do things alone. The preschool age child doesn’t want his or her parents doing everything for them. “The energy that has previously gone into separating and striving for independence, and which often results in defiance and rebellion, is now available for new themes”(Gonzalez-Mena & Eyer, 2009). Therefore, the child is less dependent on parents and caregivers.
The most important part of social skills in society is being able to communicate, work together, trust, and pay attention to others. First, without communication no one can become social. For instance, Billy has a disability that affect the way he communicate. Billy cannot speak and he cannot work with others. Since, he cannot communicate Billy will not be able to work in society.
Next, working together with others show that you have gained society skills. For example, Kelly teaches first grade. Kelly class work in group and share with each other. The call pays attention when they are working in groups. Lastly, trust is something needed to become social. When children first start to attend class they may sit to themselves. This maybe because they do not trust or they have not learn about being social. “The ability to form relationships with other people, the ability to express your feelings – these are just some of...