Football Compared To Basketball Sir John Cass Assignment

4361 words - 18 pages

Football Compared To Basketball
Backgrounds
Basketball is one of the most popular sports worldwide. In America, where the most popular basketball league, the NBA, is based the average viewership figures are around twelve million views a game. But where does this sport come from and how has this sport become so popular? Basketball originated in 1891 when a minister was told to teach a physical education class at a school in Massachusetts. Naismith was told to make a game that could keep the young men occupied. Since it was winter and very cold outside, a game that could be played indoors was desirable. Naismith thought back to his childhood in Canada, where he and his friends had played a game called "duck on a rock," which involved trying to knock a large rock off a boulder by throwing smaller rocks at it. He also remembered watching rugby players toss a ball into a box in a sports hall would attempt to throw a ball. When boxes couldn't be found, he used baskets. However compared to football, where the first game was played in 1872, basketball is a relatively new sport. Football is the world’s favourite game. It has been influenced by many different cultures. The first ball game to involve kicking is known as Cuju which took place in China during the 2nd and 3rd century. In the 7th century in Ancient Greece where the ball was made by shreds of leather filled with hair. There are many different cultures thought to have influenced the game however Football as we know it is thought to have started it 1863 where the Rugby and Football association split of and the Football Association was formed.
Rules for both sports
The number of players
A football match consists of two teams of not more than 11 players each including a goalkeeper. The positions that are possible are: Goalkeeper, Left Back, Centre Back, Right Back, Left Wing Back and Right Wing Back. These are the defensive positions. The midfield positions are: Right Midfielder, Centre Midfielder, Left Midfielder, Defensive Midfielder and Attacking Midfielder. The attacking positions are: Left Winger, Right Winger and Striker. An outfield player can swap with the goalkeeper if a goalkeeper is injured or has been given a red card. Teams must have at least eight players to begin or continue a match. A maximum of three substitutions are allowed per team in official matches but the number can be more in friendly games. Football positions can be put in three areas.
There are defenders which mostly stay on their teams side of the pitch. Defenders are responsible for stopping the opposing team from scoring. Defensive positions are: Goalkeeper, Left Back, Centre Back, Right Back, Left Wing Back and Right Wing Back.
Midfielders are positioned in the centre part of the pitch. Their roles are the most flexible and vary greatly between teams but their general role is to move the ball from the defence to the attack. Midfield positions are: Right Midfielder, Centre Midfielder, Left Midfielder, Defensive...

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