For Or Against Liberal Global Order

1565 words - 7 pages

The current state of foreign affairs has been immobile for many decades; since the end of the Cold War, the United States has been the dominant players to this game of international order American dominance has only emerged in the past 200 years with the rise of liberal democratic states to global dominance (Ikenberry:2011, 1). However in recent decades this supremacy has been questioned, as there is a visible decline of the West and rise of the Rest - most noticeable amongst the BRIC nations. G. John Ikenberry claims that not only is the future of liberal order trending towards a less American system but also one that is less liberal due to newly powerful states that are beginning to ...view middle of the document...

This world order is built around open and rule-based relations that exist amongst states, which moulds international relations. According to Tim Dune and Trine Flockhart Liberal global order is in fact seen by many as either a fading international order in response to declining American hegemony or as a failing international order riddled with internal intentions with contradictions. This is partly caused by the rise of the non-Western world.
In Nick Bisley’s article concerning the Global Power Shift he announces the renowned phrase: Decline of the West and the Rise of the rest. This brings about the question concerning the end of the American era, as the West is no longer the monopoly supplier of influence. New actors have entered the international arena mainly the BRIC nations: Brazil, Russia, India and China – sometimes South Africa is also taken into account, these countries are rapidly developing in the economic market and are becoming global influences. Bisley believes that the ‘Rest’ will become significantly more important due to its recent gain in material strength along with the new networks that are appearing in order to advance interests but most importantly because of the ambition presented by these states to become a major actor. The emerging powers have been increasingly using their influence to challenge the legitimacy of the world order with more pluralist or multipolar conceptions (Hart 66). Therefore the change in the dynamics of the international game of foreign affairs can result in complete transformation of our current practices. These new emerging powers are majorly part of the potential change, but America and the West play an equally important role, their decline can demonstrate a change in the minds of the population. It can be questioned whether it is in fact the emergence of alternative modes or in fact the lassitude of the existing one. There is an existing debate on guarding this liberal global order or if in fact it is time for a change in internationalisation.
Ikenberry’s infamous Liberal Leviathan thoroughly analyses the liberal global order, discusses how it has rose to challenges, acted in crisis and demonstrates its evolution along with its accomplishments. Arguments in favour of our current system demonstrate reasons to believe that there is nothing that can actually compete with it. Although challenges have confronted the liberal global order certain authors believe that we find ourselves in a plastic juncture, just as the Americans did before each world war (Indyk). It can be said that these challenges can be seen as a reason for renewal and extension of the present liberal internationalisation. In order to do so support is required from the newly emerging powers meaning that the world order must continue to appeal to all of the emerging powers. Although there are alternatives that appear, they seem to lack certain important functions that are present in the existing organisation. This does provide...

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