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Foreign Policy And Terrorism In North Korea

2102 words - 8 pages

Introduction
North Korea appears on the international stage as a country existing beyond the world we all know. It isolates its citizens from the rest of international community and does not obey any rules determined by international law, but requires respect and recognition. Moreover, North Korea is one of the countries that remains aggressive towards its neighbors and applies various terrorist techniques, i.e. illegal contraband, political terror and mass abductions of other countries’ citizens in its foreign policy. The reasons for which the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) behaves so unpredictably and irrationally are diversified. First of all, the DPRK as a country is managed very irrationally – regimes of Kim Il-sung and Kim Jong-il are based on centrally planned economy which main aim is to sustain a 1-million army (by the population of North Korea of c. 23 millions). Additionally, utopian and unreasonable idea of self-reliance (kor. juche) causes the DPRK to be in a permanent state of economic ruin. Thus, North Korea still remains as a country that has never undergone an “economic miracle” and is highly dependent on help from abroad since the 1990s of 20th century. Lack of technological development and frozen system of Kims’ succession does not help to improve the country’s situation. Unfortunately, although North Korean authorities are aware of the DPRK’s situation, they would never admit their guilt due to their desire to keep the power, especially as Kim Jong-il is much less impressive leader than Kim Il-sung.

Why terrorism?

North Korean terrorism has its roots among others in the succession of power’s system. In the mid-1970s young Kim Jong-il was preparing to take over the leadership in the Worker’s Party of Korea and managed to usurp numerous segments of power. He was especially anxious to control the North Korean special services responsible for carrying out all the sabotage-spy activities in South Korea, Japan and China. Moreover, DPRK’s foreign policy since the 1970s focused on forceful unification of Korean Peninsula and spreading communist revolution in the South. It has to be remembered that an official doctrine till the end of the 1970s ideologically and practically postulated communization of the south on the basis of military intervention . Since that time North Korea placed its spies in the East Asia and started sheltering revolutionists and terrorists from all over the world, among others nine members of radical left-wing group called the Japanese Fraction of the Red Army who skyjacked a Japanese airplane to Pyongyang in March 1970 . Furthermore, North Korea has been for many years developing its nuclear program and numerously threatening to use it what obviously attracts attention of the whole world .
Thus, ideologically North Korean authorities believe they have no other choice but to antagonize the West. However, it appears that the DPRK has been undergoing a “crisis” in its terrorist activities -...

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