Foreign Policy Between Truman And Reagan.

993 words - 4 pages

The president of the United States is the head of the state of the United States. During 1945, Democrat Harry S Truman succeeded Roosevelt at the conclusion of World War II; he was committed to accommodating the Soviets and structuring a peaceful post-war global system. Before his Presidency ended, the United States was involved in an armed conflict in Korea, and the Cold War was firmly entrenched. Thirty years later, Republican President Ronald Reagan was elected on a strong anti-Soviet stance. A decade later, he had overseen the end of the Cold War. This discussion assesses the foreign policy of these two presidents and compares and contrasts the shifts during their time in office.Harry S. Truman was the 33rd president of the United States from 1945 to 1953. Truman was in office for two terms. He became president on April 12, 1945 when Franklin D. Roosevelt died. While in office for the first couple of weeks, Truman had won the war in Europe. Truman started the foreign policy of containing Communism, a policy that which later became known as the trademark of the Cold War. He kept up the wellbeing of the policies that was established under his successor, President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Truman helped to make an impact on the power in the executive branch, a movement begun under President Roosevelt. Truman's readiness to accept responsibility for difficult decisions made him one of the most controversial presidents. He chooses to use the new atomic bomb against Japan to end WWII. All through his administration, Truman ineffectively rallied congressional support for most of his program of domestic legislation, called the Fair Deal. However, he did secure sufficient legislative backing to create an exceptional record in foreign affairs, especially in meeting what most Americans felt was the challenge posed by the rising power of the Communist. During Truman's administration the United States became a charter member of the United Nations (UN) and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO); sponsored important foreign policy initiatives known as the Truman Doctrine, the Marshall Plan, and Point Four Program; and assumed a leading role in the fighting in the Korean War (1950-1953).Furthermore, the Truman Doctrine was the impetus for the change in United States foreign policy from isolationist to internationalists; thus we were drawn into two wars of containment and into world affairs. The Truman Doctrine led to a major change in U.S. foreign policy from its inception - aid to Turkey and Greece - to its indirect influence in Korea and Vietnam. Under the Truman Doctrine, the United States was prepared to send any money, equipment or military force to countries which were threatened by the communist government. In President Truman's words, it became "the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures." U.S. President Harry S. Truman made the proclamation in an...

Find Another Essay On Foreign Policy between Truman and Reagan.

To What Extent Did the Activities in Iran Prove Detrimental To Foreign Policy in the Reagan Administration?

1814 words - 7 pages A. Plan of Investigation This investigation assesses the Reagan Administration and its inconsistent foreign policy in regards to Iran. The Iran-Contra Affair was a controversial crisis for the fortieth president. It involved two parts: the selling of weapons to Iran and then the siphoning of that money to Nicaragua. However, in this investigation, the situation with Iran will be more prominently discussed, rather than the Nicaraguan situation

Discuss the view that consolidation rather than expansion was the prime objective of Roman foreign policy between 69 and 211 A.D

1850 words - 7 pages Discuss the view that consolidation rather than expansion was the prime objective of Roman foreign policy between 69 and 211 A.DFrom studying Roman frontier policy, it seems clear that the image of the Roman army as great conquerors, sweeping through vast areas of the known ancient world, is a view which is probably more typical of the period of Augustus' reign rather then any subsequent long-term expansion policies of any of the later emperors

Foreign and Drug Policy

2730 words - 11 pages attention. Their goal is not necessarily to reform United States doctrine, but actually to expand it and incorporate the recognition of the threat that drug cartels and their trafficking activities pose to the national security of the United States. Bringing narcotics under the umbrella of foreign policy also implies the need for intelligence cooperation between enforcement and security agencies like the CIA, and the Kerry report succeeds in

Leadership and Foreign Policy

2616 words - 11 pages LEADERSHIP AND FOREIGN POLICY: Contrasting between the liberalist and realist views, discuss the role of a leader in influencing foreign policy. Introduction In foreign policy, decision making is guided by different a leader that is from presidents, cabinets, parliaments and groups such as communist party of Soviet Union and the standing committee of the communist party of china and Central Intelligence Agency of USA. One cannot run away from

Interest Groups and Foreign Policy

3143 words - 13 pages in U.S. foreign policy, and how they have affected U.S. foreign policy. The U.S. foreign policy literature has examined the role of societal sources, such as public opinion, in policy making, but has not until recently focused much attention on the role of ethnic interest groups. Similarly, there has been some attention in foreign policy analysis to the relationship between the state and societal groups, but this has largely not translated into

Reagan and Obama: A Comparison of Space Policy

1081 words - 5 pages passed the Commercial Space Launch Act of 1984 which set the stage for the partnership between NASA and the private industry that endures today (Kay, 1998).   Reagan strongly supported the space shuttle and remarked after the Challenger disaster "The future doesn't belong to the fainthearted; it belongs to the brave” (Logsdon, 1995). His transition team authored a comprehensive space policy review document describing the critical role of the space

Presidency and Foreign Policy Making

1864 words - 7 pages balance of power between the President and the Congress has been shown to sway like a pendulum, conditional on key occurrences at the time, where as Justice Jackson argues at times the Presidency should be considered to be dominant, while at other times the Congress should be considered to be the dominant authority. In this perspective, it is essential that the Congress plays an important role in the foreign policy making process, since the most

Foreign policy and national defense

1753 words - 7 pages Over all the years in which the United States has been a super power there have been issues in where it has been questioned on if America is playing a big role in the matters of foreign policy. Sometimes the question arises on if America has too much power and what exactly they should be able to do with this power. With Alliances and Organizations formed such as the U.N., NATO, and WTO, the United States helps within these organizations by

Foreign Policy: Past and Present

945 words - 4 pages course of American history. First what is a Foreign Policy? If some do not know it is not only dealing with other countries, but the government dealing with the action of countries, groups, individuals, and corporations that does not lie in the borders of the United States. Foreign policy was primarily, but not really the effect of working with other countries, making no real goals with other countries especially to the European counties. The

Chinese and American Foreign Policy

2874 words - 11 pages Chinese and American Foreign Policy Since the fall of the Soviet Union, the Cold War was over, making the U.S. the only superpower left in the world. This has made the international system much more tranquil, and relaxed. The only country potentially powerful besides the U.S., is China. Many Americans fear China, not only because they are communist, but also because of their huge population. Their population is 1.3 billion people

Israel and US Foreign Policy

1175 words - 5 pages , however, were either condoned or even approved by the US administrations. These reactions comprised what this chapter addressed as a pro-Israel model of intervention. The pro-Israel intervention represented the US foreign policy reaction when the violation to regional stability was committed by Israel. The cases discussed above were evaluated against the US reaction to Israel’s regional behaviour; in terms of whether the Israeli behaviour served or

Similar Essays

H Itler's Foreign Policy Between 1933 And 1945

537 words - 2 pages Hitler had achieved power and control over Germany in 1933 and by 1935, he had secured the Nazis power base. Foreign policy, as goring said in his trial in 1945 was Hitler's very own realm. All foreign policy decisions and initiatives were that of Hitler himself. Hitler's aim was to restore Germany to a powerful nation as it once was. His foreign policy was racial & national and intended to deliberately expand Germany at the expense of

The Truman Doctrine And How It Led To A Major Change In Us Foreign Policy

2322 words - 9 pages The Truman Doctrine was the impetus for the change in United States foreign policy, from isolationist to internationalists; thus we were drawn into two wars of containment and into world affairs. The Truman Doctrine led to a major change in U.S. foreign policy from its inception - aid to Turkey and Greece - to its indirect influence in Korea and Vietnam. The aftermath of World War II inspired the U.S. to issue a proclamation that would stem

Changes In Us Foreign Policy Between 1880 And 1910

1180 words - 5 pages States had the right to prevent foreign powers from going into Cuba. In 1899, John Hay wrote the Open Door Notes, which referred to European and Asian powers that were taking over China. These notes stated that each nation must respect the rights of other nations, the Chinese shall continue to collect tariffs from all other spheres, but they must keep port dues and railroad rates reasonable for all spheres. This policy was not accepted

The Major Shifts In American Foreign Policy Between Reconstruction And World War I

1383 words - 6 pages Changes in American Foreign Policy between the American Civil War and World War IIn the United States from the post-Revolution to post-Reconstruction, foreign policy was essentially non-existent. America had chosen to follow the advice given by Washington on the matter of the foreign world in his farewell address--to stay away from foreign entanglements at all cost. This inward looking America fared pretty well through this aforementioned period