Foreign Workers In Malaysia Essay

1179 words - 5 pages

A foreign worker is a person who works in a country other than the one of which he or she is a citizen (Wikipedia). Migrant workers may follow work within their own state or between states, depending on which definition is applied. Some foreign workers are present temporarily and legally through a guest worker program in a country with more preferred job prospects than their home country. Some turned out to be illegal immigrants. Foreign workers are temporarily living in the country in where they work, and will often send most or all wages earned back to their country of origin. The workers can be classified into the highly skilled workers or low skilled workers and unskilled workers. Those ...view middle of the document...

The average foreign worker is aged 25–40 years. 70 percent of foreign workers are married, while only 4 percent are accompanied by families. Two thirds of the population hail from rural areas. 83% of migrants are production workers. 40 percent of foreign exchange earnings are seen in migrant countries. With this jump in earnings, one benefit that has been seen is the nutritional improvement in households of migrant workers. Other benefits seen are the lessening of underemployment and unemployment. Simultaneously, however, foreign migration has caused a shortage of skills in such countries as Pakistan. This has affected the quality of work and productivity in Pakistan. This has led to a decline in the quality of the labor force. With regards to injuries and death, workers or their dependents are not paid due to compensation.
Xenophobia in receiving nations is often rampant as menial work is often allocated only to foreign workers (Wikipedia). Expatriate labor is treated with prejudice in host countries, despite efforts by the government to eradicate malpractice and exploitation of workers (Wikipedia). Emigrants are offered substandard wages and living conditions and are compelled to work overtime without extra payment. With regards to injuries and death, workers or their dependents are not paid due to compensation. Citizenship is rarely offered and labor can oftentimes be acquired at a below minimum wage rate. Foreign workers often lack access local labor markets. Oftentimes these workers are legally attached to a sponsor/employer until the completion of their employment contract. After the completion of a contract, a worker must either renew a permit or leave the country (Wikipedia).
There will be three fundamental and prominent aspects that will be judged toward the benefits of foreign workers in Malaysia. Firstly, the development analysis such as entrepreneurship development, human resource development, expansive growth or emerging manufacturing and service industries. In summation, when we are hiring foreign workers indirectly get experience knowing about some other nation, culture and many types of technologies which will be useful. Moreover, highly skilled workers are essential towards developing world or host countries. The government has employed the highly skilled, educated expatriates in the manufacturing, engineering and other discipline.

Secondly, productivity of the country is increasing substantially by engaging a foreign worker can improve the value of productivity and economic system. Most of foreign workers spends their life in the host country, not only they work in the host country, but they will do many economic activities in the host country as...

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