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Forever In Iraq Essay

2823 words - 12 pages

If you ask a civilian why we are fighting in the Middle East, they might answer with oil crisis or to fight against terrorism and to retaliate against the 9/11 attack. But is that really the case? Is there a deeper reason why we are spending massive amounts of time and money in Iraq? Is it our fault that the Middle East hates us, or is just the hatred of shallow western culture? To understand why the Middle East and the United States are not on favorable terms, we have to go back to 1947, the beginning of the Cold War. The United States was concerned with the quick growth of communism in the Eastern Bloc and attempted to restrain the growth of communism to the area behind Stalin’s Iron ...view middle of the document...

Eventually the 9/11 terror attack occurred, and once again we are fighting in the Middle East. The Proxy war in 1979 extensively influenced today’s middle east conflict by retaliating against the original 1979 Soviet invasion, causing the USA to reinforce the Mujahideen and provoking the entire conflict between Russia and the United States.
The cause of the Afghan proxy war in 1979 was the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, conflict escalation from the Mujahideen fighting back with support from the CIA which resulted in the slow retreat of Soviet troops in 1989 and eventual complete withdrawal in 1991 when the Soviet Union fell. In Mid 1978, military officers in Afghanistan handed power to Marxist-Leninist leaders. One of which was Hafizullah Amin, who tried to sweep aside Muslim tradition. This action sparked a civil war between anti-communism Muslims and the government, not only because of the imposition of communism, but also because of the attempt to completely eradicate Muslim culture from the Middle East. As the government received little support from its people, the government started to form ties with the communist superpower known as Russia. When the uprisings by the Muslim Mujahideen became too much for the government, the Soviet Republic sent reinforcements.
December 25th, 1979; Soviet paratroopers landed in Kabul, Afghanistan. They invaded the country to provide backup for the new communist dictatorship and to suppress the Mujahideen, which translates to “The Strugglers”. The group was formed by the thousands of leftover citizens of the country who had fled into the mountains, away from communist reach. The Mujahideen resistance was becoming more and more active against the government and the reinforcements. The Russians persisted in saying that they were not invading the country. “The Russians claimed that they had been invited in by the Amin government and that they were not invading the country. They claimed that their task was to support a legitimate government and that the Mujahideen were no more than terrorists”(Trueman). Having strength, the Mujahideen declared a Jihad, or holy war, on the Amin government and their Russian supporters. The public did not appreciate their new dictator and Amin was shot on December 27th by the Russians, then replaced with their own leader: Babrak Karmal. He required full support by the Soviet armed forces to stay in power. “Many Afghan soldiers had deserted to the Mujahideen and the Kamal government needed 85,000 Russian soldiers to keep him in power”(Trueman). The Afghan soldiers realized that the communist regime was not worth supporting because of its horrible reception by the public and instead of betraying their own people, the military forces joined the side they should be on; Their own.
The Mujahideen was a strong force that proved difficult for the Russians. “They were equipped with old rifles but had a knowledge of the mountains around Kabul and the weather conditions that would be...

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