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Formation Of Public Policy Final Paper

687 words - 3 pages

The government is in charge of operating the most diverse nation in the world while trying to take the best interests of as many people as possible. Controversy is unavoidable in a country with diversity among races, ethnicities, and political feelings. Public policy is not exempt from controversial legislation. Chapters 10 and 13 thoroughly discuss the issues of legal and social equality as well as policy relating to private morality. The formation of public policy relating to private morality and social equality is highly controversial because there are targeted groups that will benefit and non targeted groups that will be ignored by the policy; however a policy like affirmative action affects both targeted and non-targeted groups. The primary difference in the two types of policy is the openness and subsequent restrictedness of morality policy; and the focus on achieving equality for targeted groups in social equality policy making. However, the two types of policy share the group model of policy making because of the actors and agents involved at the various steps in the policy making process along with the shared similar characteristic of being highly controversial.
The struggle for social equality has long been a fight in the United States for many social, ethnic, religious, and socio-economic groups. Following the American Civil War the adoption of the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments legally ended the practice of slavery and brought about a period of policy making in the United States that would focus on social and legal equality for the diverse populations in the United States. Targeted members of policy relating to social equality are generally populations of people who have been oppressed for a period of time; however the controversy arises when trying to find a solution that does not oppress another group. One of the issues in Chapter 10 that brings light to this issue is the debate over affirmative action. The targeted groups in this policy are minority groups: African Americans, Hispanics, Asian Americans, and Native Americans. The non targeted majority, Caucasian Americans, is...

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