Types Of Diabetes Essay

2625 words - 11 pages

Our modern life is full of illnesses and diseases. Each disorder has its main causes, its effects on our body, and its own treatment. Most of these illnesses have been in our world for a long time. However, our life styles with its inorganic food, stress, and bad habits have assisted these diseases to develop and to spread faster than before. One of these diseases is Diabetes. Diabetes can be defined as a metabolic disease in which the body's inability to produce any or enough insulin causes elevated levels of glucose in the blood. It can lead to a lot of other sickness such as heart diseases, high blood pressure, and blindness. Even though most of these illnesses happen after having diabetes for a long time, the change in glucose levels in the body can cause a coma, or even death (American Diabetes Association). There are 25.8 million children, and adults in the United States living with diabetes, which represent 8.3 percent of the population, according to the American Diabetes Association. Diabetes has many types. However, we can divide them into a number of different categories: Diabetes type 1, Diabetes type 2, Gestational diabetes, and other types of diabetes. These three types have similar symptoms such as frequent urination, losing weight, and vision changes (Judd). However, each type differs from the other by the kind of people it Infects, the factors that cause it, and the way it can be treated.

Type 1 is also known as Insulin-dependent Diabetes. It happens when the pancreas releases less amount of insulin than the proper amount, which causes changes the rate of sugars in the blood. The pancreas’ ability of giving insulin keeps on decreasing until it stops. At that point, people who have this type of diabetes can only survive by taking insulin injection under the skin (Metzger). Type 1 diabetes is not well common compared to the other types of diabetes. In fact, among people who have diabetes, there are 10 percent of them who have this type of Diabetes, and it usually infects people who are under the age of 30 (Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia). Due to the increasing or decreasing of sugars levels in the blood, this type of diabetes usually causes other effects such as being very thirsty, sweating, shaking, or stomach pain (Judd).

The pancreas has special cells that produce insulin, which play the main role in moving sugars from the blood into our body's cells. In the case of type 1 diabetes, a virus attacks those cells in the pancreas changing their shape, and making them unable to produce the right amount of insulin, which make the sugar molecule stay in the blood instead of feeding the cells. Since the body in this situation will be unable to feed the cells that causes the symptoms listed above (Judd). Another study has shown that type 1 diabetes might be related to genes. The study that took a place in Biotechnology and Genomic Medicine at the Medical College of Georgia has shown a result that if you are a male with type 1...

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