The Bible is a book of sacred writings used in Jewish and Christian religion. The book of Acts is a book in the Bible that follows the four gospels of Mark, Matthew, Luke and John. The foundation of any book gives it purpose and understanding. The basic core of the book will help you better grasp the message relayed in the story. In this research paper we will identify the author, the date when it was written, the location in which it was written, the language in which it was written in, and for whom the book was written for. All of these fundamental elements will come together to create the foundation of the book of Acts.
The book of Acts tells the “story of Christianity from the Resurrection of Jesus to the end of the career of Paul.” The author of Acts has always been unknown until the end of the second century when Luke became a possibility. When scholars started to compare Paul’s letters and Acts they found the link to be Luke, the physician. In his letters, there are several references to Luke being the one to travel with Paul. Throughout the book of Acts there is the use of “we” referring to more than one traveling. The use of the words “we”, “they”, and “us” can be noticed in 16:10, 17:20, 20:5, 21:1, and 28:16 to just name a few. It can be seen how the author refers to Paul as a travel companion “When we came into Rome, Paul was allowed to live by himself, with the soldier who was guarding.”(Acts 28:16) The truth is no one can fully identify Luke as the author of Acts.
The date in which Acts was written has been just as much a mystery as the author who wrote it. Most scholars agree that it was written after Luke placing the time somewhere between 85 to 95 CE. Though some “arguments have been advanced for an early second century” date. There have been three prominent time periods that Acts could have been written according to scholars: “an early, an intermediate, and a late date.” An early date is supported by Acts 28, when Paul arrives in Rome which occurred sometime between 58 and 60 CE, often this theory is held by those who think Luke was the author of Acts. The intermediate date is favored my most modern scholars which places the book written sometime between 80 CE and 90 CE. There are several factors that influence this date but the most noticeable is the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem which happen in 70 CE was never mentioned in the book of Acts. The late date assumption has the book written between 110 CE and 120 CE and is supported by three factors:
First, Acts seems to be unknown before the last half of the second century. Second, compelling arguments can be made that the author of Acts was acquainted with some materials written by Josephus, who completed his Antiquities of the Jews in 93-94 CE. If the author of Acts knew of some pieces from this document, he could not have written his book before that date. Third, recent studies have revised the judgment that the author of Acts was unaware of the...