Foundational Assumptions Of Psychoanalytic Family Therapies

2381 words - 10 pages

The structure of psychoanalytic family therapy is exposing and comprehending unconscious urges and defenses opposing them. Psychoanalytic family therapy is not about analyzing individuals rather than interactions in a family but to uncover the fundamental fears and wants that prevent the individual from interacting in a mature, functional manner. Psychoanalytic family therapists see the behaviors of clients as a result of her or his interactions with others (Nichols, 2010).
Goals of therapy
One of the main goals of psychoanalytic family therapy is to release members of the family from her or his unconscious compulsions so that she or he is capable of interacting with all other family members as healthy, functioning human beings. Separation-Individuation (Katz, 1981) is typically the most commonly used objective, along with differentiation (Skynner, 1981).
Psychoanalytic family therapists deem that an individual’s emotional autonomy is best accomplished in striving on through discord and disagreements that occur in the family. One goal of the psychoanalytic family therapist is to bring together families to aid learning of how to establish boundaries in autonomy that allows all family members to be independent but still interconnected.
Basic Foundational Assumptions of Cognitive-Behavioral Family Therapies
The fundamental central assumption of cognitive-behavioral therapy is simple; behavior is perpetuated by the resulting consequences. Consequences that increase behavior are reinforcers and consequences that decrease behavior are called punishers. The main principle in the cognitive-behavioral approach is an individual’s interpretation of another individual’s behavior alters the manner in which the individual responds (Nichols, 2010). Individuals must also deal with arbitrary inference, which can cause warped judgments, molded by individuals’ fundamental beliefs regarding society and how society functions. These unconscious beliefs can bias the manner in which an individual responds to all things around her or him.
Many cognitive-behavioral therapists have confidence in Thibaut and Kelley’s (1959) theory of social exchange. In this theory individuals aim to increase rewards and decrease cost while in any type of relationship. In healthy, happy relationships both individuals work towards increasing rewards and decreasing costs. According to the theory behavior patterns develop a standard of reciprocity so that negative or good stimulation from a individual is likely to result in the same type of behavior from the other individual.
Goals of Therapy
One of the main goals in cognitive-behavioral therapy is to alter particular behavior patterns to relieve the demonstrated problem. With the concentration being on behavior instead of family organization or healthy relationships provides cognitive-behavioral therapy a more detail orientated style in comparison with other family therapies. Cognitive-behavioral family therapists integrate...

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