Foundations of Global Health
Global Health Paper
Successes of BRAC and PIH
BRAC and PIH serve as two non-profit organizations which selflessly serve to help the impoverished and needy members of society that require medical attention. BRAC is based in Bangladesh and as Smilie illustrates, it helped to not only bring healthcare to the poor but served as a means to help people out of poverty. Unlike the PIH, this organization is based on a nationalistic philosophy. There were many areas described in the book which showed that this organization not only focused on improving healthcare but many aspects of life in general. For example it helped generate income for women, educated many rural girls, distributed funds to the lower class and last but not least offered healthcare to people in the area. The reason why it reached such success is because it gathered support from so many people locally and nationwide through income generated projects as well targeted many simple solutions to health problems (ex. Oral rehydration therapy for children with diarrhea). BRAC used people from rural communities to improve health and used cost-effective measures like micro-financing to help poverty-ridden areas. One example of the aforementioned is women in the community who were trained to be midwives to assist with childbirth as well as volunteers/local health-care workers who learned to help and assist with health-care services to the poor. An example of the latter is job opportunities that were created to help the poor and ease poverty. This was known as the dairy initiative. (141) Mr. Abed came up with an idea to create a milk processing plant. Gathering inspiration and information that he acquired from the Danish experts, the organizations that emerged through BRAC were able to create a higher supply of milk as well as increased profit. Now in Bangladesh, there are many milk-producing organizations that have over 40 local people that work in each of them. Both men and women are able to work and provide for their families through this self-employment program.
On a similar note but very different approach is Dr. Paul Farmer's amazing work, described by Kidder, which provides healthcare to different areas of the world. The philosophy behind this organization is one of pragmatic solidarity. After witnessing the impoverished living conditions and lifestyles of people in areas like Haiti and Peru, Dr. Farmer champions this idea of universal healthcare and access to treatments for everyone. In his opinion this would help heal diseases that are curable rather than letting people die. Throughout Mountains beyond Mountains, we see how he unites many people in order to come together and overcome certain obstacles present in different areas of the world. In his One great success was the clinic in Haiti that helped TB patients. This not only helped many people that were sick but improved sanitation and clean water in the area as well. As...