Founding Fathers Essay

1563 words - 6 pages

Oliver WolcottOliver Wolcott was born in Windsor, Connecticut in 1726. He was the youngest member of his family. His father, Roger Wolcott served as the colonial governor for Connecticut in 1751-54. In 1747 he graduated from Yale and was commissioned by the governor of New York to be a captain in the army. He gathered volunteers together and served on the northwestern frontier in the French and Indian War. He was promoted to major general. At the end of the war he returned to Litchfield, Connecticut where he practiced law. He was then appointed the sheriff of the county Litchfield in 1751.Oliver married a Miss Collins, of Guilford, in 1755. They were married for forty years. She educated their children and took care of their needs while he was gone. She also kept up the house.A famous episode was staged at his house in 1776. One week after the signing of the Declaration of Independence an equestrian statue of King George III was stolen in the middle of the night and taken to Oliver's house. There was a big celebration and the statue was melted down and cast into bullets for the continental soldiers. 42,088 cartridges were made. Some fragments of the statue escaped the melting down and are in the possession of museums and other private hands.He was appointed as an assistant in the council of the state in 1774, a position he held through 1786. He was also, at one point, the chief judge of the court of common pleas for the county, and judge of the court of probate for the district of Litchfield. In 1775 he was chosen as a delegate to the Continental Congress. He was a delegate in 1775-78 and then in 1780-84. He missed a lot of the meetings while on military duty. He was in charge of Connecticut's militia. He was able to sign the Declaration of Independence and did so in July of 1776. Immediately after his signing of the Declaration of Independence he returned to Connecticut and led fourteen regiments from the Connecticut militia to the defense of New York. After fighting in the battle of Long Island he resumed his seat in Congress and was with them when they fled to Baltimore to get away from the British troops. During the summer of 1777 he gathered many troops together and reinforced General Pulnam's forces which were on the Hudson River. Later that year he joined General Gates and took part in the defeat of General Burgoyne at Sarasota. From then until 1786 he was either serving in Congress, defending the country, or serving as the commissioner of Indian affairs. He helped settle the terms for peace with the six nations. In 1786 he was called to be the lieutenant governor of Connecticut. He served in this office for ten years before being elected as governor in 1796. He served as the governor until he died on the first of December 1797. He was seventy-two years old. His son, Oliver Wolcott Jr. became Secretary of the United Sates Treasury and then the first governor of Connecticut under the Constitution.John HartJohn Hart was born in Hopewell,...

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