This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Four Types Of Drainage Basin Stores

1383 words - 6 pages

Four Types of Drainage Basin Stores

In this essay I intend to give brief descriptions on 4 types of
Drainage Basin Stores, and then explain how different human actions
can influence these. As explained in previous pieces of work, the
water system is made up of several stores and flows, one input
(precipitation), and 3 outputs (run-off, evaporation, transpiration).

The four main stores I am working on today are Interception, Soil,
Surface and Ground water.

Water will almost never land directly on a bare surface. Most
commonly, when rain is falling it will first hit vegetation – e.g. the
leaves on tree branches. The water can then be stored here. The term
for this process is interception – the water has been intercepted from
continuing through the hydrological cycle. However, the amount of
water that is intercepted relies on a number of factors:

* The Type of Vegetation – trees and grass would give very different
interception amounts due to being very different in structure.

* Precipitation Type – Snow, hail and rain have different
characteristics and behave very differently when concerning
interception and run-off.

* Precipitation Duration – different effects are produced by
prolonged rainfall and short showers.

* Precipitation Intensity – varied levels of rain produce
corresponding amounts of interception and run-off.

* Time of Year – each season has a different influence on the water

* Land Use – When concerning crops, different impacts on
interception can be found.

These are all natural factors which affect the Interception store, but
human factors can largely influence it as well. One example of this is
Urbanisation. This means that large area’s of land which were once
lush and green will become covered in impermeable surfaces such as
tarmac; any precipitation landing here will therefore not be
intercepted as there is no vegetation to do so. Another factor is
Deforestation. This is a growing concern in modern society as it is
happening at a rapid pace, and although actions have been taken to
redevelop forests etc we cannot possibly keep to the current rate.
Without trees, interception rates will dramatically decrease, perhaps
resulting in more flooding because the water will reach the rivers at
a much faster pace. And even if we do manage to replace every tree we
cut down with a new one, chances are it will be a different type of
tree. This may not seem like a big deal at first, but we know that
coniferous tress hold much lager amounts of water than deciduous ones
do, so once again, water will reach the river much quicker.

Not all of the water which lands on a tree will be stored however.
Some of it will take another path – a process called Through Fall.
This is when water drops off leaves through...

Find Another Essay On Four Types of Drainage Basin Stores

Analysis of four types of conflict in John Steinbeck's "The Grapes of Wrath", man versus man, man versus nature, man versus society, and man versus himself

1487 words - 6 pages In John Steinbeck's The Grapes of Wrath, the journey of the Joad family is riddled with conflict. The family experiences all of the four major types of conflicts: man vs. himself, man vs. society, man vs. nature, and man vs. man. In the case of The Grapes of Wrath, "man" represents the Joad family as a single unit. They experience conflict within the family itself, with the society they are coming from as well as the one they are going to, and

Classification Essay - Four Types of Children

1357 words - 5 pages behavior, moods, or lack thereof. I’ve concluded that there are 4 types of children, I have been blessed with one of each. The 4 different types are: The Superstar, The Kool Kat, The Lil’ Mama or Little Man (depending on the sex of the child), and The Rebel. First we have The Superstar. They have the spotlight from the day they are born. More than likely it will start right away, when you have to buy a special formula. The doctor tells you he

Technologies and the Family Genetic engineering Discuss how four types of genetic engineering can assist with human reproduction. State and describe how each process is performed

1590 words - 6 pages Technologies and The Family-Genetic Engineering-Human reproduction has been known to be a relatively inefficient process. As stated on the website,, the average fertile couple holds an 80% probability of fertilization for any particular exposure of egg to sperm. However, by the time of the first menstrual period after ovulation approximately half of the early embryos have failed to develop. Therefore, the probability of a

Flood Models

1377 words - 6 pages Based on the drainage system, the Chindwin catchment was divided into 57 subbasins, as shown in Fig. 4a. The sizes of the basins ranged from 3 km2 to 11,762 km2. The minimum elevation of the basins was 69 m above mean sea level in the central flat plain, whereas the maximum elevation was close to 1,800 m in the mountainous regions. Average slopes of the basins varied from 0.7% to 16.4%, while the basin lengths were between 2 km and 397 km. Shape

Magnetized Wetlands and Acid Mine Drainage

1727 words - 7 pages the chemicals for treatment, and a discharge point (West Virginia University, “Chemical Treatment of Acid Mine Drainage”). The common types of chemical treatment include limestone, hydrated lime, pebble quicklime, soda ash, solid caustic soda, 20% liquid caustic, 50% liquid caustic, and ammonia. These lower the pH by supplying hydroxides, the common molecule in bases, to raise the pH and create alkalinity to counter the acidity of the water, which

Calculating the Morphotectonic Indices of the Mula River Basin, Western Maharashtra, India

2057 words - 9 pages features. In present article, we have used Remote Sensing and G.I.S. tool to examine the formation of the river basin using DEM analysis. Morphotectonic study plays an important role in deciphering the effects of tectonic activity in the geomorphic evolution of the drainage basins, .Morphotectonic analysis is the study of landforms produced by tectonic processes. In this study Remote sensing and GIS analysis techniques are used in order to

A Human-Friendly Method of Treating Acid Mine Drainage

1013 words - 5 pages methods of treating acid mine drainage known as passive treatment systems have been researched, tested, and applied to waterways around the world. The major passive systems are aerobic wetlands, anaerobic wetlands, alkalinity producing systems, anoxic limestone drains, limestone ponds, and open limestone channels. Of these passive systems, aerobic and anaerobic wetlands are the types of systems that are most efficient, as they can be used for

Earth's Changing Surface

1852 words - 8 pages , and how people use the land. A stream that flows into a larger stream or river by receiving water is called a tributary. A drainage basin is the land area from which a river and its tributaries collect the water. A divide is the high ground between two drainage basins. Scientists classify rivers by identifying certain features that form as a result of erosion. Through erosion, a river creates valleys, waterfalls, floodplains, meanders, and oxbow

Flood Models

2204 words - 9 pages categorized into hydrologic soil groups (A, B, C and D), according to the USDA (1986) classification. The Chindwin catchment was classified into four major land use types: water, urban land, forest and agriculture. The treated hydrologic soil groups and the reclassed land use data were then homogenized. The combined data were linked to the CN lookup table, which is based on the normal condition of the antecedent moisture content, for computing CN

All the Basics There Are to Know about Rivers

1137 words - 5 pages , river water forms a natural ecosystem by forming a habitat for various organisms. Additionally, rivers constitute the geographical drainage systems as shown in figure 2. Rivers in a drainage system act as the recipients of water from a drainage basin. The drainage basin forms boundaries referred to as watersheds (characterized by a higher landscape) (Chambers and Lapthorn 220). The rivers drain the water on the earth’s surface in various ways termed

Western Colorado Water Rights

1617 words - 7 pages . Colorado also holds the most complex and extensive river resource developments in the world . Those developments are collectively known as the Colorado River Storage Project (CRSP), a federally funded project created to under the Colorado River Storage Project Act of 1956 . This act allowed for development of water resources in Upper Basin states .The CRSP stores water in reservoirs in the Upper Basin . The four initial storage units are the Wayne N

Similar Essays

The Four Types Of Taxes Essay

1678 words - 7 pages The purpose of this paper is to illustrate the layout of taxation. I will differentiate the types of taxes and the roles that they serve currently. Subsequently, I will explain what equity, efficiency, effectiveness and transparency (EEET) are and show how they apply to taxation as a whole. Lastly, I will conclude how the EEET applies to the four tax types. The four types of taxes this paper will discuss are income tax, sales tax, property tax

Accounting: The Four Types Of Financial Statements

752 words - 4 pages Accounting Wizard Lorenzo Crawford ACC100 Ms. Galarza 5/28/2014   When it comes to Accounting, there are four types of financial statements. These statements are critical when managing a business. The four types of financial statements are Statement of Financial Position, Income Statement, Statement of Changes in Equity, and Cash Flow Statement. Statement of Financial Position is the company’s financial position of an entity at any given

The Four Types Of Conflict In Shattered

1036 words - 5 pages In the book, Shattered, the book is about a teen who begins to mature as he ages. The main character is starting to become more mature after he gets a placement at a soup kitchen. He starts to realise that there are many problems going on in the society. There are many types of conflicts that are going on around him. The four types of conflicts going on in the book are Human vs. Society, Human vs. Self, Human vs. Human and Human vs. Self. The

There Are Mainly Four Types Of Work Teams

1208 words - 5 pages There are mainly four types of work teams - Self-managed work teams, Cross-functional teams, Virtual teams and Problem-solving teams. Self-managed teams are work teams that are given permission to organize and control the work that they do. These group of people perform highly related or inter dependent jobs and take on many of the responsibilities of their former supervisors. This includes planning and scheduling of work, assigning tasks to