Four Styles Of Roman Wall Painting And Mosaics

2661 words - 11 pages

     A. Mau, a German scholar, established four distinct styles of Roman wall painting at the sites of Pompeii, Herculaneum, Boscoreal, and other smaller sites covered with ash from the volcanic eruption at Mount Vesuvius. The styles begin with one direction, shift completely, and end on a more combined technique.
     Style I, known as incrustation, began approximately during the second century b.c. This style features the strong influence of the Hellenistic Greek period in its surface decoration. At the Samnite House at Herculaneum, walls are painted as faux marble slabs. This is very typical of the influence of Hellenistic Greece. There is a three fold division of a Roman wall during this time. The dado is at the bottom, the middle section imitates the stone slabs, and the upper part features a cornice and frieze. The slabs are outlined with stucco. The wall surface is concrete covered with plaster to create the fresco. This style enhances the flatness of the wall, with panels that imitate masonry. These surfaces mock the stone veneers that may have been seen in more upper class homes. Many small rooms in this style appear to be busy and claustrophobic due to every surface being covered in bright color.
     Very different from Style I, Style II, also known as architectonic, focuses on the illusion of creating a three dimensional scene from a two dimensional space. Illusionistic and naturalistic, it is common to see scenes that are rich and lifelike, with strong use of chiaroscuro, and linear perspective. The faux marble is replaced by landscape scenes, though more so later in the period. Some scenes feature ritualistic events deriving form Hellenistic myths and theater.
     The Idyllic Landscape wall painting from Pompeii, c. 79 AD, features sacred buildings and figures. There is a depiction of the love of nature and of peace and reflection in these pieces; a strong sense of what idealistic life meant to the people at this time. This style, which originated around 90 b.c. in Rome, centers on images framed by illusionistically painting columns. At the House of the Griffins, corinthian capitalized columns surround a portico. There are painted panels of marble set between two columns.
     Style III, the ornamental style, moved to a new focus on framing and gallery imagery. Mimicking Style I, walls are richly painted in bright red, yellow, and black, enclosing the room’s space. Unlike previous styles, the focus now is on elaboration and detail. Walls are divided into small panels with support framed paintings. Because paintings are now individual, there is greater ease at decorating and rooms can now be reworked much quicker and with greater ease. Oecus, at Pompeii, c. 63-79 AD is an example of this style. There is a panel depicting Hercules fighting off snakes in a gallery style room. Much of the work from this time...

Find Another Essay On Four Styles of Roman Wall Painting and Mosaics

Compare and contrast the four styles of creative intelligence and their influence on organizational decision making. Discuss how the five forces influence mental models/mindsets.

1020 words - 4 pages Creative IntelligenceCreative intelligence the ability to see and adapt to new situations and solve them. An individual with creative intelligence is able to use innovative thinking and imagination to find new answers to old questions. These individuals think outside of the box and come up with new and different solutions to old problems. Creative intelligence includes four different styles that explain how individuals learn and view the world

Motivation and styles of learning. Essay

1339 words - 5 pages Motivation and styles of learning have been proven to affect success in school.However, each individual brings her or his own strengths, weaknesses, preferences, gender and learning style to the classroom. In this light, this essay will discuss the many factors that influence motivation and accommodate different learning styles.A co-operative learning strategy can be used to emphasise co-operation rather than competition in learning. This

A critical analysis of all four cinematic styles found in 'Requiem For Dream'.

2658 words - 11 pages In the following analysis of Darren Aronofsky's Requiem For a Dream I will examine how the four elements of cinematic style affect the film's theme and the audiences responses to both the characters and the overall story. The audience remains immersed in the story throughout the film due to Aronofsky's acute attention to detail and finely tuned editing. The audience's senses are heightened by the intense emphasis placed on unusual aspects of

Research paper on three Roman aspects of life: roman baths, roman theatre, and the roman army

1440 words - 6 pages Roman BathsPeople today think of bathing as a private activity, while Romans usually bathed in public facilities that in some ways resemble modern spas or health clubs. Roman baths were generally used for entertainment, healing, or to just simply get clean. There were 170 baths in ROme during Octavius' reign and by 300 A.D. that number had increased to over 900 baths.The baths were vast buildings built at either public expense or by rich

Design and Performance of a Retaining Wall

1057 words - 5 pages constructed to avoid the relocation of the creek and a wetland enhancements were required elsewhere to compensate for the impacted wetland area. The west MSE wall which forms part of the western boundary of the third runway embankment. This wall construction required approximately 1,430 ft (436 m)long, four-tier MSE wall up to 150 ft (45.7m) tall. The total area of the wall face was approximately 130,200 ft2 (12,100 m2). The exposed height of the MSE wall

The Life and Styles of Pablo Picasso

3391 words - 14 pages aforementioned objects (excepting the tree) rest on a table that is mostly a dark brown. The edges are warped and, because of this, the viewer is unable to be certain where the table ends and its base or the background begins. In the background, there are four black bars evenly spaced on the canvas. They are all half of the length of the painting except the one on the right which runs from top to bottom. These bars are painted somewhat three-dimensionally

Pros and Cons of Parenting Styles

1350 words - 5 pages /wiki100k/docs/Allegory_of_the_cave.html>. Cherry, Kendra. "Parenting Styles." Psychology., n.d. Web. 11 Feb. 2014. . "The Christian Broadcasting Network." Let Go of Your 20-Something Kid. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Feb. 2014. . "The Four Types of Parenting Styles." - Section 04 and 05 F11 PSY 1001. N.p

Different types and styles of wrestling

728 words - 3 pages Thesis statement: Free style, Professional, Greko Roman, and Collegiant wrestling have very different rules and styles.I. Free style wrestlingA. RulesB. StyleII. Professional wrestlingA. RulesB. StyleIII. Greko Roman wrestlingA. RulesB. StyleIV. Collegiant wrestlingA. RulesB. StyleWrestling is broken into four different types based on rules and style; Free style, Professional, Greko Roman, and Collegiant. Free style is usually started after

Dimensions of Conflict and Social Styles Model

1038 words - 4 pages Dimensions of Conflict and Social Style models Introduction This paper will describe both the dimensions of conflict and social styles model. The context will include how to use both models to diagnose and resolve conflicts. This paper will use a conflict scenario that demonstrates how to effectively use both models. The dimensions of conflict and social style models are effective

The Development of Chess Styles and Society.

2855 words - 11 pages between the games of the chess world and the social environment during the period. Since external influences from society implicitly change the styles of play in the Chess World Champions, hence also the chess world, what happens on the average chessboard during a certain time period, to some extent, reflects what the society is like during that period. A case study of this correlation will be done for the three World Champions who reigned right after

Critical Thinking Styles and Forces of Influence

1418 words - 6 pages Critical Thinking Styles and Forces of InfluenceThis paper will discuss an organizational problem that occurred in my work several weeks ago. I will first describe the basic concept of critical thinking. I will then frame the work issue in two different ways. Next, I will describe the types of thinking used for each problem. Then I will examine the forces of influence that can influence the way the problem is framed. And lastly I will provide an

Similar Essays

Four Styles Of Roman Wall Painting: Incrustation Style; Architectural Style; Ornate Style; And Intricate Style

1589 words - 6 pages Four Styles of Roman Wall PaintingThe wall paintings evolved from around 2nd BC. Romans created these extravaganza works to emphasise their wealth. The evidence for the techniques used is described by Vitruvius' in De Architectura. He noted that wall paintings were interior wall designs as frescoes, which were executed using damp plaster (lime and sand mixed together). There must have been at least several layers of this plaster, where the top

Pros And Cons For Each Of The Four Parenting Styles

2231 words - 9 pages To be a parent is hard work. Although every parent has a different mindset towards raising a child, the types of parenting styles can be distinguished amongst a few different kinds. In this research paper, one will learn the pros and cons for each of the four parenting styles described by Baumrind and the effect each one has on a child. Baumrind based her studies towards the development of adolescents and how the specific parenting style has

The Four Key Behavioral And Social Styles

1740 words - 7 pages another’s behaviors and social styles? It would make this world a happier place. The Four Different Social Styles: All of us can be put into one of the following four social style categories: The Analytical style, The Driver style, The Amiable style, and The Expressive personality styles. As you learn more about each of the four social styles you will gain the insight needed to increase your ability to create stronger relationships and much

Painting And Calligraphy Are Strengthening In The Discovery Of Redefining Chinese Art. Two Defining Styles That Portray Dynastic Views.

892 words - 4 pages new sense of beauty. In this we see that the writing brush is the tool that controls the moods of the artists, making an expressive piece of work. Calligraphy is also closely related with traditional paintings since the theories of holding a brush in the right way gives a decorative function and defining characteristic. Calligraphy and painting use the same formats and tools (brush, ink, paper, and silk). The basic methods of handling a brush