This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Fracking Essay

2057 words - 9 pages

Hydraulic Fracturing is a controversial oil and gas extraction process developed in the late 1940s to gain access to natural gas deposits trapped miles under U.S. soil. Hydraulic Fracturing also known as hydrofracking is currently used in over 20 states including California. “California records showed fracking operations in 10 counties counties: Colusa, Glenn, Kern, Los Angeles, Monterey, Sacramento, Santa Barbara, Sutter, Kings and Ventura , as well as in state waters off Los Angeles. Kern County is currently California’s major oil-producing county; Halliburton (an American multinational corporation which is also one of the world's most significant oil manufacture companies with business in more than 80 countries) estimates that 50 percent to 60 percent of new oil wells are fracked. Fracking is likely being done elsewhere in California but is unmonitored by state officials.” The systematic process begins with drilling a vertical well approximately 1.5 miles into the ground rock then horizontally through shale rock. A mixture of sand, water and other additives is then pumped into the well. After, perforated tools carrying conductors travel down the well and once they are in place a shock is ignited intended to create new fissures in the rock and/or increase the size of existing fissures for improved extraction. A popping agent is then pumped into the fractures to prevent them from closing after pumping pressure is released. Injected products rise to the surface where it is stored in tanks or pits prior to recycle or disposal. Natural gasses seep into these fractures or fissures and are released through the well. Though fracking may seem to be harmless because of the use of “organic” substances like rock, sand and water, the byproducts and process itself does raise health and safety risks as well as its benefits for the economy.
One of the biggest health and environmental concerns regarding the impacts of hydrofracking is the potential contamination of underground water supply and surface water. There are 500,00 something odd active gas wells in the United States—8 million gallons of water is used per fracking—and each well can be fracked 18 times. 72 trillion gallons of water is used and 360 billion gallons of chemicals are needed to run current gas wells. In the end, hydraulic fracking produces approximately 300,000 barrels of natural gas a day, but at the price of numerous environmental, safety and health hazards. Storage for the wastewater can take place either on site, in an injection well, or in open-air ponds in the surrounding areas. This can pose air pollution and drinking water contamination not to mention transportation of the waste creates an additional risk outside of the well location. Whilst, each well produces millions of gallons of toxic fluid containing additive chemicals, other naturally occurring radioactive material, liquid hydrocarbons, brine water and heavy metals. The dense rock is believed to act as barriers between...

Find Another Essay On Fracking

Fracking Letter Essay

1358 words - 6 pages I am Amanda Woodworth a 7th grader at Nagle Middle School. We are working on fracking and today I have decided to tell you about it because North Dakota has a lot of fracking going on. Facking is “the forcing open of fissures in subterranean rocks by introducing liquid at high pressure, esp. to extract oil or gas.”(Dictionary.com online) The process of fracking has many impacts on our daily lives. Fracking starts with a well is drilled

Fracking Letter Essay

969 words - 4 pages Hi,MY names Gavin Pitts from Nagel Middle School during this quarter are grade has been studying what is fracking Hydraulic fracturing is the process of drilling down vertically to get natural gas from shale rock layers deep within the earth. Fracking produces natural gas extraction. Recent advancements for the drilling technology have led to new manmade fractures in shale plays that were once not available for exploration.(What is fracking

Fracking Essay

1056 words - 5 pages a new way of obtaining it. Natural Gas and the process of fracking to obtain it, to many people is our saving grace and a revolutionary energy method. But, is it really? Despite the obvious benefit of an energy surplus fracking is extremely dangerous and damages the land, the water, and the life around where it is being done. For this reason, I am against the process of fracking. The land and geology of America is extremely important, even

Fracking or Hydraulic Fracturing

968 words - 4 pages Tupou Fakatene Goyette Cal History Term Paper 4/8/14 Fracking The process of fracking, also known as hydraulic fracturing, is the act of oil and gas getting blasted with huge amounts of water mixed with many chemicals deep into a gas reservoir. Fracking splits the formations of the rocks to allow the oil and gas extractions. Hydraulic fracturing was first used in Kansas 1947 (Fracturing in Cali) Since then, fracking had became a regular

The Future of Fracking

1266 words - 6 pages The Future of Fracking Imagine the economy in America improving, more jobs and cheaper gas prices. Well that is what hydraulic fracturing is predicted to do. Some states are already using this method and seeing all kinds of changes. You may think this sounds like great news, however the cons of fracking out weigh the pros. Hydraulic fracturing is environmentally unsafe. Hydraulic fracturing cause’s earth quacks, decreases property value. More

Fracking: The Water Problem

1643 words - 7 pages Ever since the process of hydraulic fracturing—or fracking—made its entrance to the oil industry, issues and problems surrounding the process have become a common occurrence. Fracking is the controversial process of horizontal drilling (see fig. 1), where millions of gallons of water mixed with sand and chemicals are pumped deep into an oil well to extract natural gas from the earth’s crust (Ehrenberg 20). This practice has even been banned in

Fracking, Why its bad

980 words - 4 pages Nine million gallons is enough water to fill approximately fourteen Olympic sized swimming pools. This is the amount of freshwater used and contaminated during one Fracking session at one well. Fracking uses sand, water and hundreds of detrimental chemicals mixture that is blasted at high pressure into a natural gas well. This dangerous process destroys the environment, killing once beautiful acres of land throughout the world. Fracking is

Fracking rough draft

780 words - 4 pages The search for a good oil supply has been going on ever since cars first started to run on gasoline. Although while there are great ways to drill, there are extremely dangerous environmental hazards and risks to animals that come along with it. Fracking, many argue, is the best form of drilling that we have today. Fracking is the use of sand, water, and chemicals injected at high pressures to blast open shale rock and release the trapped gas

Fracking is Ethical

754 words - 4 pages Hydraulic fracturing, also known as fracking, is a method of extracting natural gas from underground by drilling and pumping large amounts of water beneath the Earth to open up natural gas deposits (Banerjee). Countries with large natural gas deposits, such as France and Bulgaria, have already banned the practice of hydraulic fracturing. Though fracking may seem like a new concept, it is not; about one million wells have been fracked since the

Is America Fracking Crazy?

1863 words - 7 pages methane (1). When hydraulic fracturing occurs, a well is drilled horizontally into the shale rock surface at about 1000 meters deep (Kramer 2). The next step in the process is to create channels for the gas trapped in the rock to escape through. This is done by injecting a substance known as fracking fluid deep inside the well at consistently high pressure, causing the rock to fracture. Once the channels are made, pressure is released and the

The Consequences of Fracking

680 words - 3 pages The news today is filled with stories about the benefit of using natural gas instead of crude oil and the benefits to the environment. However, the consequence of fracking is a subject that should be investigated further. The potential groundwater contamination, health problems, and the geological effect of drilling have been linked to hydraulic fracturing. The primary consideration is the threat of groundwater contamination. The process of

Similar Essays

Fracking Essay

1584 words - 7 pages According to an article on businessweek a because of fracking the areas around the drill locations have seen household incomes rise by $1,200. The energy sector supports 2.1 million jobs which added $75 billion to “federal and state revenues”. Fracking also added $283 billion to the US GDP or gross domestic product. Because of fracking fuel prices will fall which will lead to an increase of 3.5% to industrial production by the end of the decade

Fracking Essay

1548 words - 6 pages Hydraulic Fracturing: Why the Bad Rep?Natural gas has been used in the home since the first century A.D. as a perfect heating source for daily living. It is used as a heating fuel and also used to cool. Natural gas is essential for everyone's daily life and it is more efficiently produced through a process called hydraulic fracturing. Hydraulic Fracturing, or fracking for short, is a technique used in commercial gas drilling. Fracking involves

Fracking Essay

1927 words - 8 pages Fracking in the natural gas community is a vital part of the recovery of natural gas. Fracking is a controversial subject right now; some environmentalists believe that fracking is detrimental for the environment, although some people believe that fracking is a necessity for the future of fuel. In other words, until the human race finds a better and more renewable fuel, such as wind, solar, geothermal, or nuclear. Fracking for natural gas could

Fracking Essay

1452 words - 6 pages What's the Fracking Problem?W hy does everyone care so much about natural gas? Why is it such an essential part of modern culture? Sure, it's an exciting and up and coming technology, which is fuel for the technological generation that we've grown up in, but we need to take a closer look to see the methods and impacts that could affect generations after us.Water is one of our important resources that were given to us by mother nature. We see