Fracking And The Halliburton Act Essay

1266 words - 6 pages

Introduction
“Hydraulic fracturing involves the use of water pressure to create fractures in rock that allow the oil and natural gas it contains to escape and flow out of a well (Energy From Shale).” Fracking has served to extract natural gas and oil where other methods would not be as successful but many environmentalists argue that fracking is affecting the environment and our drinking supply of water. Although fracking is still a controversial topic, it provides Americans jobs, increases the economy of the region, and the natural gas and oil are cleaner and more affordable source of energy. The EPA recognizes that natural gas and oil are an essential part to help our planet survive but do not want fracking to come at an expense to the public health of the citizens or to the environment.
Although there have been no intensive studies on the drinking water that could be linked to fracturing practices, many people believe it could be harmful to anyone that consumes the water. The EPA and other strong environmentalists are pushing towards more strict regulations on fracking. Contrary to that belief Dr. Charles Goat stated, “drilling for natural gas in itself doesn't pose a threat to air and water quality, if it‘s done properly.” Research has also been done that fracking has little to no impact on the groundwater. Companies also use safeguards to reduce the threat of air contamination from fracking engines and compressors. Local communities and fracking companies work together to reduce noise, traffic, and other environmental factors of fracking. Water is often recycled to use in other fracturing procedures. Fracking companies are working to make fracking less hurtful to the environment and to the local community (Energy from Shale).
Congressional Debates and government publications
Many states have tried to ban or have strong opposition against hydraulic fracturing within their state. North Carolina, Vermont, and Illinois have successfully banned fracking. Pennsylvania tried but the banning law was not passed due to constitutional rights of the state. Two bills are currently being introduced to the Congress to regulate fracturing practices. Fracturing Regulations are Effective in State Hands Act is both in the Senate and Congress presented by two different representatives and right now just seen as bills. Hydraulic fracking is still a controversial topic but it does have a small amount of support both in the Senate and in the House of Representatives.
Timeline
1865- Lt. Col. Edward A. Roberts introduced the technique of the “exploding torpedo” in the birthplace of the industry Titusville, PA. Which originally used gunpowder but later advanced to using liquid nitroglycerin. The torpedo was made of an iron shell. Inside were 15 to 20 pounds of gunpowder and topped with and explosive cap. The torpedo was lowered in and superincumbent fluid tamping took place. Water was pumped into the well so that it concentrated the explosion down the cracks...

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