Words hold such power and meaning that tend to evolve throughout the years. As I set out to read on the “Theory of Multiple Intelligences” by Howard Gardner I seem to question the meaning of Intelligence. Although I have never pondered a single word more feverishly as I have in the last couple weeks it has been quite an endeavor. According to Merriam-Webster (2014), “Intelligence: the ability to learn or understand things or to deal with new or difficult situations.” Howard Gardner first publishes his own view of intelligence in his book Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences (1983).
In society an individual with a high intelligence quotient (I.Q.) is considered intelligent or possibly considered a genius. In certain settings or social groups this same individual may be looked upon as a scholar. Status and treatment may be considerably different based off a set of numbers. But what if that same individual was unable to apply themselves productively within society? How could that be logical?
Howard Gardner was born on July 11 1943, in Pennsylvania and is currently a professor of cognition and education at Harvard University. Although he didn’t start out in the field of psychology, Gardner has definitely made an impact in the domain of cognition and human nature. I would imagine that had Howard Gardner pursued a career in law that he possibly would not have been renowned or distinguished as he is today.
The ambition of higher learning and thirst for understanding has perpetually grown over the centuries. Intelligence has been a long studied topic in the hopes to better understand and quantify it. A psychologist by the name of Alfred Binet was credited with creating the first reasonable intelligence test in the 1900’s (Theory of Multiple Intelligences: New Horizons, 2008). His discovery provided a way to measure the intellect of human beings. This psychological breakthrough drew much interest and the ways of testing grew vastly. The pursuit for a detailed and more precise method of testing has remained ongoing into today’s society. The possible potential and intellect of an individual was now recordable and marketable. Institutions now based possible entry into their facilities on certain scores from applicants. Maybe it began with the adoption by the U.S. Armed Forces in its processing of new recruits. In our current educational process the most common test for admission into college is the SAT’s. Gardner refers to such types of test as a one-dimensional view of the individual. The current test’s for intelligence has come a long way from the days of measuring skulls and will continue to evolve. But is this an accurate understanding of intelligence? Do these tests’ truly record the capabilities and potentials of the human intellect? The poor test taker would definitely find that SAT’s would be a hindrance to his possible potential.
Multiple Intelligence theory (M.I.) suggest that intelligence is not a singular entity but instead a...