Framework Essay

1512 words - 7 pages

Many theories today analyze poverty by looking at the average income, which may neglect certain aspects of poverty. By conceptualizing the aspect of poverty, Chambers broadens the view of poverty using his example of the “Deprivation Trap” where he explains five clusters of disadvantages and how they correlate with one another. Chambers uses the household as an example for poverty by using the following clusters: Poverty, isolation, physical weakness, vulnerability, and powerlessness (Chambers, 1983, pp. 108-110).

First, low income and production can lead to poverty in the household. Isolation may occur when a household is isolated from the community living in a rural area in the aspects of physical space and access from information. Next, physical weaknesses are described as the members of a household being affected by sickness, disability, poor living conditions, and are dependent on others. Moreover, another cluster is the Vulnerability of a household, which refers i.e. to changes in weather conditions and shocks, such as natural disasters and wars. Finally, powerlessness relates to the households’ lack of access to political influential power, information, and their own say in legal matters (Chambers, 1983, pp. 108-110).

The five clusters act as a net where they interlock causing poverty. Chambers mentions 20 possible correlations that can describe the reasoning behind poverty in a household using the five clusters interlinked with one another (Chambers, 1983, pp. 111-112). Poverty and physical weakness are strongly interlinked. For example, lack of assets affecting the livelihood causes low productivity of labor, since the ability to cultivate large areas is non existing as well as the low ability to work long hours, due to the physical weakness such as illness or malnutrition, which in the long run might lead to poverty (Chambers, 1983, pp. 112-114).

We believe that Chambers “Deprivation Trap” has become an important alternative approach to the international developmental debate because it changes the concept of poverty by analyzing a simple household rather than an entire nation. From the 60’s, Poverty and development theories have changed from a macro level to domestic theories or micro level household theories in the 80’s. By dividing the concept of poverty into the five clusters, it also broadens the definition of poverty and development into a more specific perspective. This allows one to focus on a smaller unit, being the household, to aid from poverty rather than tackle an entire nation through the approach of starting from the bottom, up. This idea can be related to Myrdal’s theory of development in which he argues that development should not only be measured in economic growth but in social welfare and personal growth as well (Gunnar Myrdal , 1970).

Viewing development from the bottom up was important because it allowed a new perspective of poverty, seeing the level of deprivation in a household compared to a country may...

Find Another Essay On framework

Constructing a Theoretical Framework Essay

1557 words - 6 pages Desjardins (2010) states a theoretical framework is a logically structured representation of the concepts, variables, and relationships involved in a specific study with the purpose of clearly identifying what will be explored, examined, measured or described. The theoretical framework introduces and describes the theory that clarifies the reason for the research problem. The information found in the theoretical framework expresses to the

The National Response Framework Essay

1305 words - 5 pages Having a basic understanding of community or national emergency plans can assist families in disaster. This is especially true during the response phase. The National Response Framework (NRF) is a great example of a national community reference. According to FEMA’s publication, “The National Response Framework,” from 2013, the NRF is a guide which describes the basis of national response to any form of disaster. The NRF was developed from a

UK Financial Regulatory Framework

2537 words - 10 pages Introduction The financial regulatory framework in UK is called GAAP or General Accounting Accepted Practice and is the body responsible for the rules and regulation that companies within the UK must follow when reporting financial information. There are three main sources of rules governing accounting regulation in UK namely: the companies’ act 2006, (which incorporated EU accounting directives), UK accounting standards (FRSs and SSAPs) and

therapeutic framework diabetes

4842 words - 19 pages competition and choice policy. Best practice for commissioning diabetes services- An integrated care framework provides commissioning groups with valuable information on the needand the importance of commissioning integrated care for patients, service users and their carers.AUTONOMOUS PRACTICE:I will be working as an IP alongside the medical team in a GP practice.I will be using the recommendations provided by Lewisham CCG together with the local

Non-negative Patch Alignment Framework

2647 words - 11 pages paper, we present a non-negative patch alignment framework (NPAF) to unify these NMF based dimension reduction algorithms. It has two advantages: 1) the learned bases are parts-based and the resulted data representation is robust in practice; and 2) it can be applied to better understanding the common property of different NMF algorithms. To solve NPAF, we propose a general multiplicative update rule (MUR). By introducing a new auxiliary function

A New Framework for Counterterrorism

1575 words - 6 pages Introduction The United States has been combatting a threat that is trying to change our way of life. This threat is known as terrorism and is a problem for the U.S. and its territories. The threat of terrorism is the greatest threat to the American way of life since the end of the Cold War. The country has taken the threat seriously with an elaborate counterterrorism and intelligence framework. This framework is starting to become obsolete with

South Africa's Labour Legislation Framework

1628 words - 7 pages South Africa's labour legislation framework promulgated during the past 2 decades & is regarded as some of the most comprehensive in the world. Currently, it has done much to redress the imbalances of the past. With 4 significant Acts promulgated to manage & regulate labor relations in our country, there are still areas lagging behind that have a profound influence on the country's economic performance. After our 1st democratic elections of

Framework in the Goophered Grapevine

696 words - 3 pages Framework in The Goophered Grapevine The frame narrative in Charles W. Chesnutt's The Goophered Grapevine creates a hidden tension between the viewpoints of the internal narrator's voice and the voice of the external narrator. Uncle Julius McAdoo is Chesnutt's internal narrator, and serves a storyteller in the story. He exemplifies the characteristics of a former slave such as being uneducated and unable to speak Standard English. Julius is

Developing a Framework for Cyberlaw

1863 words - 7 pages Developing a Framework for Cyberlaw Suppose you wanted to witness the birth and development of a legal system. You would need a large, complex social system that lies outside of all other legal authorities. Moreover, you would need that system somehow to accelerate the seemingly millennial progress of legal development, so you could witness more than a mere moment of the process. The hypothetical system might seem like a social scientist's

Goal Directed Nursing: A Personal Framework

1804 words - 7 pages framework paper I will explore my personal values, beliefs, and philosophy in nursing. I will describe Imogene King’s theory of goal attainment, the nursing metaparadigm, and how it is applicable to my practice. I will compare my beliefs and King’s theory; I will apply my framework in a schematic model and identify a situation where this framework would be useful in practice. Philosophy McEwen & Willis (2014) define Phenomenology as “the

The Sociological Framework of Harriet Martineau

1113 words - 4 pages The Sociological Framework of Harriet Martineau Over the past twenty years, sociology has gone through a process of self-evaluation, as field researchers and observers express a wariness about the empty universalism of speculative systems and look for ways in which to secure empirical foundations that give way to meaningful application in a pluralistic, postmodern world. The survival of sociology as a critical theoretical discipline is a

Similar Essays

Framework Essay

1708 words - 7 pages those whom they want to help and give support. This approach suggests that an analytical frame work must be done before the help attains in rural areas. (Diana p9) Furthermore, this analytical framework analysis and benefits the users of this approach is to understand better in rural livelihoods in order to sustain development. Nevertheless the frame work would be a guide to gather the current material and indicate the gaps. The approach

Framework Essay

1810 words - 8 pages Therapeutic framework for Rheumatoid arthritis 1) Pathophysiology of the disease Aetiology: The exact cause of Rheumatoid arthritis is unknown. There is no single factor which is the cause of Rheumatoid arthritis; nonetheless, several factors seem to have a role in the development of Rheumatoid arthritis (Walker and Whittlesea, 2012). One of the risks of developing this condition is genetic factors (Symmons, 2013). Many studies were done in

Development Framework Essay

10205 words - 41 pages The DSDM Atern Student Workbook a guide to the definitive Agile framework The DSDM Atern Student Workbook a guide to the definitive Agile framework Published by Galatea Training Services Limited St John's Vicarage The Avenue High Legh Knutsford Cheshire WA16 6ND Tel: +44 (0)1706 351389 Email: Website: © D.J. & I.J. Tudor 2010 ISBN: 0-9543071-3-5 978-0-9543071-3-4 All rights reserved. No part of

Theoretical Framework And Principles Essay

1160 words - 5 pages Introduction In inquiring on theoretical framework to serve as the base for the research and analysis at the core of our dissertation it is crucial to comprehend the construction and the element directing the theory we are adopting for months to come. Stewart, Harte and Sambrook (2010, p223) have determined the relation that the theory plays with the evolution of the research process and its designer “In summary then the concept of theory is