Framing The United States Constitution Essay

1602 words - 6 pages

Framing the United States Constitution In 1787, at the Constitutional Convention, a group of knowledgeable and brilliant men met in order to revise the problematic, inefficient, and weak Articles of Confederation. These experienced and well read men produced a four-page document, suggesting an entirely new form of government. This achievement was absolutely remarkable considering it had no precedent in history, and this document established a well thought out, strong, and centralized government for the people. Even though it has been suggested that these men were in fact selfish and may have written a document that would benefit a certain class of people, the document consisting of all its compromises, civil liberties, system of checks and balances, would benefit the entire country at large. The delegates at the Constitutional Convention compromised on controversial issues in order to benefit the entire nation. The Constitution included civil liberties delegated to the states and individuals, thus protecting the entire nation. The government consisted of three branches thereby dispersing the amount of power between the branches and assisting the entire nation.The compromises of the Constitution were designed on behalf of the entire country. Instead of devising a document strictly taking one viewpoint, the delegates compromised on pertinent and controversial aspects of the Constitution. The issues of whether or not taxes should be placed on goods exported to foreign countries or traveling between the states was debated between the northern states and southern states at the convention. The pertinent issue of slave abolition was also debated between the two entities. The North felt strongly about abolishing the slave trade while the South, whose entire commerce practically revolves around slavery, felt it was necessary for the trading to continue. The Slave Trade-Export Compromise granted The Congress the ability to regulate interstate and foreign commerce by passing laws requiring a majority vote. In the past when the Articles of Confederation presided, the states that tried to control their own trade and economy deteriorated. It was evident that the country required a stable and effective government that could tax and regulate commerce. Also, the Slave Trade-Export Compromise including both positions saw that it would be beneficial to the nation if the slave trade would expire within twenty years, and if a $10 head tax placed were on each slave brought into the country. This compromise would not only include the moral and ethical positions of the delegates, but also further stabilize the nations economy for the next twenty years. Another controversial issue presented to the delegates at the convention was whether or not slaves should be included in determining representation in the House of Representatives and in determining the amount of direct taxes owed by a state. It was obvious that the South wanted the slaves to count in their representation...

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