Francis Bacon grew from poverty to expand his career as a British politician & entrepreneur and wrote prominent essays on humanism and innovative scientific philosophy. Most notably known as “the father of the English essay,” (McDougal 455) Bacon’s influential works were vastly impacted by the tenets of the Renaissance period. Even Thomas Jefferson, one of the founding fathers of our nation, credited being influenced by Bacon’s essays (McDougal 455). One of the core ideologies determined by his works is humanism which depicts how logic and knowledge derived from ancient Greek and Roman records can provide the best guides for learning and living. Even more, Bacon, who was inspired by the Renaissance notions of humanism, significantly contributed to contemporary society by bringing about a lucid distinction between philosophy and religion. At a young age, Sir Francis Bacon rose steadily in politics and wrote widely influential essays pertaining to philosophical research, natural science and social status.
As a matter of fact, Francis Bacon is renowned as one of the founders of the scientific revolution and he first established the notion of doing experiments in order to form a conclusion or hypothesis. As an intellectual, Francis Bacon enrolled at Cambridge University at age 13 but was forced to make a living as a government servant after the death of his father. During his career in law, he questioned many aspects of religion and the current theorists of his era and wrote many lucubrations of law, state, and religion and also on traditional politics (Klein). He stated that “any moral action is the action of human will, which is governed by reason and spurred on by the passion; habit is what aids men in directing their will toward good” (“Francis Bacon”). “Francis Bacon had also written his essays to help guide young men who were ambitious to succeed” (McDougal 455). Unfortunately for him, Bacon fell from power after being wrongly accused of bribery and corruption and fully devoted the last part of his life to scholarship (Grendel). His longtime servitude to the royal system of politics has made him aware of politics and power issues between men and states (Zagorin).
Furthermore, Bacon’s studies of Science brought him to conflict with Aristotelian philosophy (specific axioms on scientific theology) which seemed incomplete and dry to him (“Francis Bacon”). He denounced the prominent theories of Aristotle and helped develop his own set of principles to enable a more efficient form of thinking. Two tenets that had been determined by his works are innovative research in science, medicine, philosophy & law and criticism of/toward institutions, and values inherited from the Middle Ages.
“Medieval philosophy had culminated in the cumulative achievements of scholasticism, a grand system of thought developed by generations of patient scholars employing neoplatonic and Aristotelian philosophy in the service of traditional Christian theology.” “By...