The 1920’s were a time of rebirth and prosperity. A time for authors, poets, musicians, and artist. Also, a time for paving the way for future generations. Events in 1920’s not only influenced artists, but also brought along new culture that is still alive and well today.
Many things, such as, World War I, had great impacts on society and played important roles in culture. The war had stimulated the American economy, increasing profit, employment, and wages, to name a few. (World War I ends) Yet, economic growth was not the only positive outcome. Consequently, due to the majority of men being in the military, many women took this as an opportunity to become involved in the work industry. Of course, this was necessary, but it created a new mindset; a mindset that granted women more liberty in the workplace. The suffragettes also took this as an opportunity, and, in 1920, the 19th Amendment was enacted, giving women the right to vote. (Johnson)
Likewise, many African-American men joined the war effort, and many more African-Americans migrated to the large cities to make up for the lack of people in the workplace, and also to escape Jim Crow laws. This helped to integrate the different cultures, if only for a short period of time. (World War I ends)
Due to the movement of African-Americans from the south to industrial centers, the cultural movement, known as the Harlem Renaissance, was born. While the literary sense of this movement is what it is most famous for, it was much more than that. Racial pride was a huge component of the Renaissance. The “New Negro”, African-Americans who challenged the stereotypes affiliated with slavery, demanded civil and political rights. However, many other African-Americans felt that the “New Negro” where simply conforming to white ideals. (The Harlem Renaissance (1917 - 1935)) Many authors, such as Langston Hughes, abandoned the the ideals of white poets and authors, and, instead, wrote poetry with music like jazz and blues in mind. Others, like Claude McKay pushed African-Americans to persevere and stand up for their rights. (The Harlem Renaissance)
With that in mind, the Renaissance also included new African-American expression in things such as: theater, music, literature, and art. It granted many artist the recognition that they truly deserved. In consequence, artistry exploded. With all the new artist, poets, writers, and musicians, Harlem became a center for the arts. (The Harlem Renaissance's Effect on Modern Culture) Not only did the Harlem Renaissance allow African-Americans artistic expression, it also paved the way for many new, and upcoming authors. Ones such as F. Scott Fitzgerald.
Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald, or more commonly known and F. Scott Fitzgerald, was born to an upper-middle-class family in St. Paul, Minnesota on September 24, 1896. He was named after his second cousin, three times removed, Francis Scott Key, who wrote America’s national anthem. Mary McQuillan, Fitzgerald's mother, was...