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Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald (F.Scott Fitzgerald)

1417 words - 6 pages

Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald (September 24, 1896, St. Paul, Minn U.S - December 21, 1940 Hollywood, Calif) was a short story writer. Fitzgerald is regarded as one of the greatest American writers of the twentieth century, with his novels famous for its depiction of the Jazz Age (1920s). He finished four novels (including "The Great Gatsby", "The Beautiful and the Damned"), left the fifth unfinished and wrote a dozen more that features the theme of youth, despair and age.Fitzgerald was the only son of an unsuccessful, upper-class father and an energetic, provincial mother. His prename, Francis Scott Key, was given to him to honour his distant and successful relative. Fitzgerald's father, Edward Fitzgerald, was from Maryland while his mother, Mary McQuillan, was the daughter of an Irish-Catholic immigrant.Fitzgerald had an intensely romantic imagination and he charged into experience determined to succeed those promises. At both St. Paul Academy (1908-10) and Newman School (1911-13) he tried too hard and made himself unpopular, but at Princeton he came close to realizing his dream of a brilliant success. He became a prominent figure in the literary life of the university and made lifelong friendships with Edmund Wilson and John Peale Bishop. He became a leading figure in the socially important Triangle Club, a dramatic society, and was elected to one of the leading clubs of the university; where he fell in love with Ginevra King, one of the beauties of her generation. Then he lost Ginevra and left Princeton empty handed.He returned to Princeton the next fall, but he had now lost all the positions desirable, and in November 1917 he left to join the army. In July 1918, while he was stationed near Montgomery, Ala., he met Zelda Sayre, the daughter of an Alabama Supreme Court judge. They fell deeply in love, and, as soon as he could, Fitzgerald headed for New York determined to achieve instant success and to marry Zelda. What he achieved was an advertising job at $90 a month. Zelda broke their engagement and Fitzgerald retired to St. Paul to rewrite for the second time a novel he had begun at Princeton. In the spring of 1920 it was published (This Side of Paradise), he then married Zelda, riding in a taxi one afternoon between very tall buildings under a rosy sky; "I began to bawl because I had everything I wanted and I knew I would never be so happy again."The novel was a roaring success, and Fitzgerald found himself the most highly paid short story writer in America. This Side of Paradise was a revelation of the new morality of the young. This fame opened to him magazines of literary reputation, such as Scribner's, and high-paying popular ones, such as The Saturday Evening Post. This sudden prosperity made it possible for him and Zelda to play the roles they were so beautifully equipped for, and Ring Lardner called them the prince and princess of their generation. Though they loved these roles, they were frightened by them, too, as the ending of...

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