Frank Lloyd Wright
Frank Lloyd Wright, an American architect that was considered to be one of the greatest in the 20th century. He was a pioneer in the modern style of architecture. For more than 70 years, frank showed his countrymen ways to build their homes and see the world around them. He created some of the most monumental, and some of most intimate space in America. He has designed everything from banks and resorts, office buildings and churches, a filling station and a synagogue, a beer garden and an art museum.
Frank was born June 8, 1867, in Richland, Wisconsin and died in Phoenix, Arizona, on April 9, 1959, at the age of 91. His Father, a musician, abandoned the family in 1885. He grew up under the leadership of his mother, Anna, and his aunts and uncles on a farm near spring Green, Wisconsin.
When he entered the University of Wisconsin in 1884 his interest in architecture had already declared itself. There were no courses offered in his chosen field. He ended up going into the civil engineering program and gained some experience that would later help him in the designs of his buildings. He went to Chicago in 1888, where he became a designer for a firm called Adler and Sullivan. He worked directly under Louise Sullivan for six years. Louise was one of the only people that Wright ever acknowledged as an influence. Wright and Sullivan parted in 1893 when Sullivan discovered that Wright had been selling house designs on his own. A while passed before they became friends again.
Wright's life was marred with marital problems, and the scandals connected with them scared away many potential clients. He stayed with his first wife, Catherine, for twenty years. They had six children together. While he was still married to Catherine he went off to Europe with Marnah Cheney, the wife of a client. He returned to Spring Green in 1911 with Chaney and built a home and studio that he called Taliesin. Tragedy struck Wright in 1914, when a servant at Taliesin murdered Cheney, her two children, and four other people before setting the place on fire. He began to rebuild Taliesin right immediately after the fire.
After Catherine granted him a divorce in 1922, he married Miriam Noel. She was a very emotional unstable woman. He separated form her not too long afterwards. In 1927 he got a divorce from Miriam. In 1927, he married His third wife. Olgivanna Milanoff was the wife that he would finally stay with. They would live at the rebuilt Taliesin, which became his studio and a center for training apprentices in his architectural principles. He later built Taliesin West in Scottsdale, Arizona, and from then on, the studio and apprentices moved to Arizona for the winter.