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Frankenstein Analysis Author, Summary, Literary Ananlysis, Metaphors, Historical Background

2604 words - 10 pages

Frankenstein is most likely one of the oldest surviving horror stories. The image of large green groaning monster with a bolted neck and a stitched brow is famous worldwide. However, the creature born in Mary Shelley's mind over two hundred years ago was much more complex, for it was not only murderous and raging, but articulate, lonely, and gravely misunderstood by the rest of the world.Mary ShelleyMary Wollstonecraft Godwin was born on August 30th 1797 in Somers Town, Great Britain. Her parents were both well-known. Her father, William Godwin, was a philosopher, and her mother Mary, who died shortly after giving birth to her, was a feminist. At the age of ten, Mary Shelley published her first poem and at the age of sixteen she fell in love with a married man, Percy Shelley. In 1816, the two were wed and were invited to visit Lord Byron in Geneva, Switzerland. While she was there, the host suggested that each guest write a ghost story and thus was the birth of the tale known as Frankenstein, although the book wasn't published until 1818. The story itself is affected by a series of tragedies that had recently occurred in Mary's life such as the suicides of her elder sister, Fanny, and Percy's first wife, Harriet. Out of Mary's four children only one survived, and after her husband drowned Mary devoted the rest of her life to raising her son. Mary became an invalid at the age of forty-eight and died in 1851 of a brain tumour.SummaryAt the beginning of the book we follow Robert Walton, an English adventurer, on his expedition towards the North Pole. On their journey, Walton and his crew noticed a massive figure driving a dogsled quite some distance ahead of them. The following morning another sledge washed up alongside the ship, the driver weary and near death. This mysterious stranger was Victor Frankenstein. He said he was chasing someone and began to tell Walton his tale beginning with his childhood.Victor was born into a wealthy and well-respected Swiss family. By the age of thirteen, he became interested with the works of alchemists and longed for the glory of raising the dead. He ran away to Ingolstadt, in Germany and while he was there, he devoted himself entirely to the studies of natural philosophy and chemistry. He developed a consuming interest in the human anatomy and after years of obsessive and laborious work, he pieced together a human body of gigantic proportions and gave it life. Victor thrived gloriously over his accomplishment, and considered himself the father of a new species, until he laid eyes on his creation. The creature was so hideous that Victor became violently ill, filled with horror and disgust. The monster then ran away and Victor was left to be nursed back to health by his best friend Henry Clerval.After his recovery, Victor followed Clerval in his language studies to clear his mind and forget about science and his creation. Two years later, he received a letter from his adoptive sister Elizabeth, informing him about...

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