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Frankenstein By Mary Shelley Essay

1908 words - 8 pages

It has been said that God created man in His own image. Whether this statement is true or not has had no bearing on the desires of mankind to do as God supposedly did, and create a being in its likeness. Ancient Jewish legends tell stories of constructs, known as golems, that were made of worked dirt or mud and brought to life with magic, and would obey any command to the letter (Kopelman Foundation). As mankind turned from the arcane and began to embrace science, so too did the focus of such stories. However, the concept remained remarkably similar. A woman by the name of Mary Shelley wrote an almost universally famous novel by the title of . In it, she tells the tale of a young man named Doctor Victor Frankenstein who, obsessed with bringing the dead to life, creates a creature pieced together from human remains. It was, in essence, a golem made of flesh and animated through science and electricity. As time and science progressed, mankind’s thoughts shifted even further from the mystical and monstrous and more toward the technological. Robots emerged from the imagination of mankind, machines made of metal and synthetic materials built to resemble human beings and programmed to act and react, to think and learn for themselves, just as humans can. Half of this imagining is already a scientific fact. Automated robots fill America’s factories, and a humanoid robot, Honda’s ASIMO, is already able to run, jump, and otherwise navigate a normal human environment (American Honda Motor Co.). Still, one aspect of mankind’s dream remains in imagination: artificial intelligence. However, due to the work of Subrata Ghosh and his colleges, mankind may be just a few steps away from realizing its desire to create a thinking, evolving robot in its own image.
Alan Turing is considered by most to be the Father of Artificial Intelligence, and for good reason. The term “Artificial Intelligence” was actually coined by Doctor John McCarthy, a prominent professor of Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence, in 1956 (Skillings). However, in a lecture given to the 51 Society in 1951 titled “Intelligent Machinery, a Heretical Theory,” Alan Turing defined the concept that the phrase came to represent (Turing, Intelligent machinery, a heretical theory). In that lecture, Turing described a machine capable of learning as a human child would, requiring a schoolmaster to teach it. While it was not being taught by the schoolmaster, the machine would spend its time playing games, such as chess and go, in order to develop its logic and problem-solving skills. The machine would accomplish this by storing previous lessons and playthroughs in memory, and indexing them for future analysis. The more games it played, the more data in memory it would have to compare to the current situation and assist it in determining the appropriate course of action. The purpose of this would be to develop the machine’s logic to such a point that it could analyze a problem or question, and come...

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