Franklin Pierce: The 14th President Of The United States

1233 words - 5 pages

Franklin Pierce, documented under the U.S Constitution as an American politician and as well as the fourteenth president of the United States, born in Hillsborough, New Hampshire, November 23 1804, assumed his presidency at a period of tranquility. However, his interest in politics led him to be elected to the House of Representatives, then he was appointed district attorney, and soon after, he enlisted for the Mexican war. This road led him to presidency, in which he accomplished changes beneficial to the U.S. Nonetheless, his honorable reputation slowly declined anticipating his decisions.At the age of 11 he attended school at Hillsborough Center and moved to the Hancock Academy and in the spring of 1820, he was transferred to Francestown Academy. Soon after, then he was transferred to Phillips Exeter Academy to prepare for college. He entered Bowdoin College, in the fall of 1820, where he participated in literary, political, and debating clubs. Thoughout his attendance at Bowdoin College, Pierce met writer Nathaniel Hawthorne and Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. , with whom he formed a friendship. When he joined the Athenian Society (student grouping with progressive political learning) he also met E. Stowe, Seargent S. Prentiss, and his future political rival, John P. Hale. Nevertheless, he graduated in 1824. Afterward he immersed himself to the study of law at a law school in Northampton, Massachusetts. Pierce, was admitted to the bar (a professional body of lawyers) in Hillsborough County. In 1829 Pierce was welected to the New Hampshire State legislature. After serving four-years in this office he was named Speaker of the House. At the age of 29 he was elected to the United States House of Representatives. After his marriage with Jean Means Appleton and the death of his two new born sons died and his son at the age of 11, Pierce resigned from the Senate in 1842 to practice law in Concord, New Hampshire. Soon after, President James Polk appointed him United States District Attorney in 1845. He enlisted in the Army as a private, at the outbreak of the Mexican War; he was commissioned as a Brigadier General. After Pierce resigned from the army, he was proposed by New Hampshire friends as a “dark horse” candidate on the 49th ballot at the 1852 Democratic National Convention.Nonetheless, two months before he took office, he and his wife saw their eleven-year-old son killed when their train was wrecked. Grief-stricken, Pierce entered the Presidency nervously exhausted.As I mentioned before, Franklin Pierce assumed presidency at a time of relative tranquility and peace. The issue of slavery relaxed after the Compromise of 1850 but over time the issue suddenly resurfaced during his presidency but he did little to deal with it. However, Pierce attempted to promote unity by filling his cabinet with extremist from equally sides of the slavery argument. In addition, he tried to avoid the aggressive sectional antagonisms of the domestic act by...

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