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Franz Kafka As Gregor Samsa Essay

1390 words - 6 pages

Franz Kafka as Gregor Samsa The Novel, The Metamorphosis, written by Franz Kafka, is a widely read story about a young salesman, working day in and day out to support his family, consisting of an overbearing father, a calm and quiet mother and a pleasant younger sister, while paying back their dept. Overnight, the salesman, Gregor Samsa, transforms into a large beetle. Many problems occur due to this change. Many aspects of The Metamorphosis are directly related to Franz Kafka?s life.One of the rather simple comparisons of Gregor Samsa and Franz Kafka are their last names. The A?s remain in the same place in both names. However, the K?s in Kafka are replaced with S?s and the F is replaced with an M. This is not a coincidence.Another relationship between Kafka and Gregor Samsa are their family members and placement. Both men have an over demanding father and a sensitive mother. They both have a younger sister as well. Gregor Samsa feels very secluded from his family members. He is completely surrounded by four walls with a usually locked door. (Sokel 169) In Kafka?s diary he stated, ?The door was locked in consideration of his age (Sokel 169). However, his nephew had his door wide open each night before he went to bed: ?The door indicated that they still wanted to lure Felix into the family while I was already excluded,? Kafka also acknowledged in his diary (Sokel 169).In the book, Mr. Samsa shows many signs of dislike for his son, Gregor. After the family finds out about Gregor?s metamorphosis, his father pitilessly ?drove him back, hissing and crying ?shool? like a savage? (Kafka 6). When Gregor could not fit through his door because of his size and shape, while attempting to retreat after seeing his family?s reaction to his new state of being, ?from behind his father gave him a strong push which was literally a deliverance and he flew far into the room, bleeding freely? (Kafka 6). His father then slams the door behind him with ?the stick?. (Kafka 6) Another instance Mr. Samsa shows his feelings about Gregor is when Mrs. Samsa fainted after entering the room with Grete, Gregor?s sister, and seeing Gregor as a beetle. Mr. Samsa enters the house and is told about the situation. ?Gregor came to a stop in alarm; there was no point in running on, for his father was determined to bombard him? (Kafka 12). Mr. Samsa then fills his pockets with apples from the fruit bowl and begins to throw them at Gregor. (Kafka 12) ?But another following immediately landed right on his back and sank in;? (Kafka). This embedded, rotten apple stuck in his back for the rest of his life. It also disabled him for over a month. (Kafka 13) Kafka grew up with ?the real life father, with his waxed mustache and drill sergeant temper, preceded the image of divine omnipotence? (Pawel 4). Herrmann Kafka was ?particularly ill equipped? for the demanding role of a father. The qualities that Mr. Kafka used to pull himself out of poverty and into the middle class, ?unself-conscious...

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