Frederick Taylor's Contribution To Modern Day Understanding Of Organizations

3440 words - 14 pages

Frederick Taylor's Contribution to Modern Day Understanding of Organizations

Frederick Taylor's work was taking place in a time period when the
United States of America was undergoing mass industrialisation after
the Civil War. National industries grew out of local trades; what were
once small factories rapidly became large organisations with new
technologies for production and mass workforces.[1] Many large
corporations such as Ford, Esso and United States Steel were developed
in this time; however they all faced the same problem; there was only
a limited pool of skilled workers to recruit from. Many labourers were
based in the agricultural regions of America or were immigrants from
Europe. Directing the efforts of workers with little understanding of
the English language, few required skills and no experience of working
in the disciplined region of a factory, left the organisation with key
problems.[2] Scientific management solved these problems and was one
of the first practices to be used in many different types of
organisations.

Frederick Winslow Taylor was born in 1856 into an upper class, liberal
Philadelphia family. His upbringing was constrained as both parents
were Quakers and believed in high thinking and plain living. Taylor
grew up to be a resourceful person. There is evidence to support this
from an early age; at twelve, he invented a harness to keep himself
from sleeping on his back, hoping to avoid the nightmares he was
having.[3] Once grown up at the age of twenty five Taylor earned
himself an engineering degree at the Stevens Institute of Technology
in New Jersey whilst still having the commitment of a full-time job.
Despite this degree Taylor surprisingly moved his career to the
Enterprise Hydraulic Works in Philadelphia where he became a machinist
and pattern maker.[4] He later moved on to Midvale Steel Company in
1878 where he filled the position of shop clerk. In 1887 Taylor was
promoted to the position of shop superintendent there.[5] It was here
that Taylor noticed a difference in employee work methods. He closely
watched how work was done and would measure the quantity produced. He
discovered that most methods were inefficient and led to low
productivity. This instigated Frederick Taylor to develop a science
for each element of work to find the quickest way a job could be done
which led on to the publication of his book The Principles of
Scientific Management in 1911, this was designed to increase
industrial output by rationalizing the production process. Taylor and
Scientific Management created a new type of ‘revolution’. The promise
of massive increases in productivity led to the following of Taylor’s
models of management all over the world.

Modern managers use many of the practices, principles, and techniques
developed from earlier concepts and...

Find Another Essay On Frederick Taylor's Contribution to Modern Day Understanding of Organizations

Critically examine the contribution of Jean Piaget to our understanding of child development.

1317 words - 5 pages This essay shall examine the contribution of Jean Piaget to our understanding of child development. Until the mid 1900's psychologists had no useful theory for explaining how children's minds change as they age. Psychologists interested in this field either has to study it in relation to behaviourism, which emphasises that children merely receive information from the environment, or in relation to the IQ testing approach, which emphasises

The Contribution of Split-Brain Studies to Our Understanding of Brain Functioning

1349 words - 5 pages acknowledged in split brain patients as cognitive abilities vary significantly. Experiments pioneered by Sperry and colleagues on split- brain patients have undoubtedly contributed to and deepened our understanding of functional laterality. Studying split-brain patients is a growing phenomenon in today’s day and age and has stimulated groundbreaking findings yet contentious ones. If anything, crucial it is to acknowledge that the brain serves many

Labelling Theories' Contribution to the Sociological Understanding of Crime and Deviance

1575 words - 6 pages Labelling Theories' Contribution to the Sociological Understanding of Crime and Deviance Becker is the main sociologist studying labelling theory on deviance, he argues that 'social groups create deviance by making the rules whose infraction constitutes deviance.' Meaning acts only become deviant when observers perceive it and define it as deviant. An example of this would be the act of nudity, it is accepted in the

Understanding the Elements of Eco-Sanitation Toilets as One Contribution to Productive Waste Management

1734 words - 7 pages wastewater treatments done by the septic tanks only have 40-50% efficiency. This means that 50-60% of the BOD still remains in the wastes. Fortunately, for the ETS, it does not require any more septic tanks due to its built-in modern functional design which can be installed above ground levels. Poor drainage or high water table conditions do not affect the system as no water can gain access to the factory-sealed unit. In terms of the cost of

Sufism: Its Mystical Contribution to an Understanding of the Islamic God

2332 words - 9 pages that His immediacy is experienced on a deeper level than traditional or legalistic conceptions. It is an understanding of God that penetrates through the level of the mind, to the level of the heart. These notions may present the Sufi as a man or woman lost in rapture, oblivious to the world and concerningly, perhaps even unable to engage with life on a realistic, human level. However, as Hazrat Inayat Khan (1990: 13) asserts, the Sufi can be an

Models of Innovation Contribution Towards Innovation Management in Organizations

2174 words - 9 pages (a)Explain how the four main schools of thought: serendipity, linear models, simultaneous coupling model and interactive model, have contributed to our understanding of managing innovation within organisations. (30%)What is innovation in organizations ?Innovation, though used very widely, means different things to different persons/bodies. There are as many definitions as there are authors. However, the definitions of innovation differ in two

Henry Fayol and Frederick Winslow Taylor’s Contribution to Management Thought: An Overview

4985 words - 20 pages ABC Journal of Advanced Research, Volume 1, No 2 (2012) ISSN 2304-2621 Asian Business Consortium, USA | ABC-JAR Page 32 Henry Fayol and Frederick Winslow Taylor's Contribution to Management Thought: An Overview Md. Hasebur Rahman Lecturer, Department of Business Administration, Pabna University of Science and Technology, Bangladesh ABSTRACT Henry Fayol and Frederick Winslow Taylor made outstanding contribution to development of management

Maison de Verre and Its Contribution to Modern Architecture

2424 words - 10 pages Maison de Verre and Its Contribution to Modern Architecture “Form follows function.” Every great Modern architect thought, designed by and breathed these very words. Or at least, their design principles evolved from them. Modern architects Le Corbusier, Mies van der Rohe, Frank Lloyd Wright, Pierre Chareau, and Rudolf Schindler to name a few believed that the function determined the space whether the space was solely for a particular purpose

Interpreting Choy's and Taylor's Short Stories: Issues of Modern Racism and Prejudice

1327 words - 5 pages States of America, dark skinned individuals were used as slaves for manual labour and were stripped of their rights and freedoms by the Americans because of the racist attitudes that were present in America. Although racist and prejudice attitudes have weakened over the decades, they persist in modern societies. To examine a modern perspective of prejudice and racism, Wayson Choy’s “I’m a Banana and Proud of it” and Drew Hayden Taylor’s “Pretty Like

a genre study of horror novels and how they compare to modern day fairytales

1684 words - 7 pages Carrie a Modern Day FairytaleAlthough Stephen King=s novel, Carrie, is considered a horror, it can also been seen as a modern day fairytale, through setting, character development, and plot. Carrie follows that outline of many common fairytales, but can be closely related to the fairy tale, Snow White. With references to such common fairytale topics such as setting, character development, and plot, Carrie is an effective example of a fairy tale

Title of Essay: Modern Day Hero or Zero Book: To Kill a Mockingbird By Harper Lee

1039 words - 4 pages Rosenberg PAGE 4 Morgan RosenbergMs. SolomonENGDG1 7 December 2007Harper Lee's To Kill a Mockingbird focuses on character Atticus Finch; a middle age man, a lawyer, and a father of two. Many have suggested the notion that this character is a modern day hero. However, before one can claim someone to be a modern day hero, they must first know what the phrase means. A modern day hero is defined as a focused, thoughtful, selfless and respectful

Similar Essays

What Was Frederick Taylor's Most Significant Contribution To Management?

1184 words - 5 pages developments have increased our understanding of organisation theory and management practice. In order to truly understand organisation theory as it exists today, one must appreciate the historical context in which theories have been developed and tested. Frederick Taylor's contributions and legacy on management cannot be denied.

All Modern Day Organizations Are Mainly Motivated By Market Pressures.

2310 words - 9 pages All modern day organizations are mainly motivated by market pressures focusing on their goals by providing improved quality and productivity, greater flexibility, continuous innovation, and the aptitude to respond hastily to market needs and demands to achieve a competitive position. Effective HRM is fundamental for these goals. Improved quality and productivity associated to motivation can be realized through training, employee involvement and

The Contribution Of Functionalist Sociology To An Understanding Of The Role Of Education In Society

3253 words - 13 pages The Contribution of Functionalist Sociology to an Understanding of the Role of Education in Society Functionalists have constructed two questions to help them research education. The first question is. "What are the functions of education for society as a whole?" and the second question is. "What are the functional relationships between the education system and other parts of the social system". Firstly

The Contribution Of A Biological Perspective To Our Understanding Of Behaviour

1427 words - 6 pages The Contribution of a Biological Perspective to our Understanding of Behaviour The importance of Biology within the field of psychology has been and continues to be widely debated. Some scientists such as Francis Crick, believe that explanations for psychological differences can only be found by the means of studying the biology of the brain and genes, this belief is known as reductionism. However most