Frederick Winslow Taylor Essay

1498 words - 6 pages

12 pages w/ bibliography on the experiments of Taylor -Lenoir Community CollegeFrederick Winslow TaylorÌBusiness ManagementDavid MercerTuesday, February 04, 1997CONTENTSI. Introduction 6II. The Younger Years 7III Midvale Steel Company nIV Inventions nV. Pig-Iron Handling Experiments nVI. Shoveling Experiments .....................................................nVII. Conclusion .....................................................................nAPPENDIX nSELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY nLIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS1. Illustration 1 n2. Illustration 2 n3. Illustration 3 n4. Illustration 4 n5. Illustration 5 nLIST OF TABLES1. Differential Piece Rate Wages n2. Table 2 n3. Table 3 n4. Table 4 n5. Table 5 nIntroductionThis paper is in response to the assignment for a paper and short speech concerning aperson with relevant contributions to the world of management. Frederick Taylor isaffectionately referred to as the "Father of Scientific Management." The modern systems ofmanufacturing and management would not be the examples of efficiency that they are today,without the work of Taylor. Frederick Taylor was instrumental in bringing industry out of thedark ages by beginning to revolutionize the way work was approached. Taylor was able toincrease wages, productivity and reduce per piece costs at the same time. Taylor's work waseventually adopted in a wide array of applications. Taylor's ideas had a significant influence onthe industrial life of all modernized countries. Even Lenin went as far as to publish an article inPravda , "Raising the Productivity of Labour," based on the writings of Taylor. Thus Taylorchanged the way the world conducted business. Taylor's work was an extension of technology.It was a marriage of human work and technology. His Priniciples of Scientifiic Managementwas conceived to be free of value judgement.The Younger YearsFrederick W. Taylor was born into a well-to-do family in Philadelphia in 1856 . Hisfamily was not wealthy , but they were well exposed to the high culture of the local society.Growing up it was expected that Taylor would study to become an attorney. Taylor attendedPhillips-Exeter Academy. He was a devout student, doing very well with his studies. To achievegood grades, Taylor studied many long hours. It was quite unfortunate that Taylor was to missHarvard Law School due to bad eyes that doctors attrributed to studying in the poor light of akerosene lamp. In later years it was realized that his eye problem was actually caused by stress,as it improved after he left Phillips. Taylor moved back home after graduating from Phillips. Herealized that he should take up a trade and got a job as an apprentice machinist and patternmaker. Having spent four years learning his trade, Taylor got a job as a yard laborer at MidvaleSteel Company.Taylor realized that at this point he needed to continue his education. He convinced thepeople at Stevens Institute of Technology to allow him to attend classes long distance. He wouldstudy in his...

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