Fredericksburg Essay

3901 words - 16 pages

Before the sun had even risen in the early morning of December 11th, 1862, engineers of the Army of the Potomac under General Ambrose E. Burnside, began constructing a series of pontoon bridges. These bridges were to be used to ferry Northern troops across the Rappahannock river into the city of Fredericksburg, held by General Robert E. Lee, leading the Army of Northern Virginia. Over the next few days Burnside's army would lead an attempt on the town and surrounding area that will leave the Union Army in defeat. It would be one of the largest and deadliest battles of the American Civil war, and featured large scale urban combat and was the first major river crossing under fire to be conducted by the United States ( This battle was a very important point in the South prolonging the war and keeping the North from victory. I will analyze this battle in detail, using the principles of war which are, objective, unity of command, offensive, mass, maneuver, simplicity, economy of force, security, and surprise.
In late 1862, the Union Army was desperate for a large victory over the Army of Northern Virginia, and to seize Richmond, the capital of the Confederate States of America (Mackowski). This capture of the Southern Capital was the main objective of the northern war effort, hoping that the capture of the capital and the Confederate government would bring an end to the war. Bringing the war to victory from the North would reunite the Union, which was president Lincoln's goal. The South's main objective of the war was to continue to fight the North and keep them from achieving victory, and on some occasions to defeat the Union Army and capture their capital of Washington. If the South had won the war their goal was to maintain being an independent nation and become recognized by the Union. While this was the overall objective of the war it explains the reason why the battle of Fredericksburg would occur in December, which itself had similar objectives. The Union objective for being at Fredericksburg was to use it was a quick point to cross the Rappahannock and cut through the South straight to Richmond hoping Lee's forces would not block them, focusing on other Northern forces and keeping them from advancing. Lee did not fall for this ploy however and his objective during the battle would be to occupy the land where Burnside's forces would cross and keep them from advancing on Richmond, these objectives brought both forces to either side of the Rappahannock, with the city of Fredericksburg in the middle. Lee's objective for the actual battle around Fredericksburg was to put up defensive positions in and around the city including artillery and blocking positions at Marye's Heights west of the city, under General Longstreet, and the hills south of the city across from Burnsides forces, under General Jackson, where they could fire on any Union forces crossing and repel them if and when they crossed. This included putting...

Find Another Essay On Fredericksburg

Hooker At Chancellorsville: A Failure to Adapt

2769 words - 11 pages Just two months before the tide-turning 1863 Battle of Gettysburg of the American Civil War, the southern Confederacy was riding high. After a string of previous victories, including the Battle of Fredericksburg, Confederate General Robert E. Lee had decisively beaten the Union Army of the Potomac at Chancellorsville. The Northern forces, therefore, needed some assessment and introspection to turn the tide in their favor. Almost immediately

Exploring Teaching Methods that Help Engage Students

2603 words - 10 pages . Grafton Library, Fredricksburg, VA . 13 Feb. 2009 Discovery Education. 13 Feb 2009 Donelson, Ken, and Lisa Storm Fink. "The Art of Asking Questions: Two Classes That Changed My Teaching Life. " English Journal 97.6 (2008): 75-78. Research Library Core. ProQuest. Grafton Library, Fredericksburg, VA13 Feb. 2009 Elaine Razzano

Appendicular Skeletal System

3141 words - 13 pages , 2013). Appendicular Skeletal System. Lecture conducted from Germanna Community College Fredericksburg, VA. 2 Fasano, J. (October 9th, 2013). Joints. Lecture conducted from Germanna Community College Fredericksburg, VA. 3 Fasano, J. (November 4th, 2013). Muscle Tissue. Lecture conducted from Germanna Community College Fredericksburg, VA. 4 Fasano, J. (November 6th, 2013). Muscle Physiology. Lecture conducted from Germanna Community College

Life Of Robert E.Lee

3998 words - 16 pages claims to have won because Lee withdrew (Catton, 218).Fredericksburg One Confederate artillery officer said that "Fredericksburg was the easiest battle we ever fought" (Catton, 259). General Ambrose Burnside took over from McClellan after Sharpsburg. General Burnside decide to take his army to Fredericksburg where he would cross the Rappahannock river by pontoon bridges. Right from the start everything went wrong. First, the bridge material

James Longstreet and His Great Impact at Gettysburg

1655 words - 7 pages War, He decided to go with the South, as it was his home, and he agreed with the ideals of state’s rights and slavery (Hickman 1). As a general in the Civil War, James Longstreet had an exceptional sense of battle tactics. Battles in which his logic shown were: Yorktown and Williamsburg, Fredericksburg, and Antietam. At the battle of Yorktown, Longstreet was in command, and made the executive decision to abandon the fight at Yorktown to

Stonewall Jackson

529 words - 2 pages eventually win. In 1862, in the Shenandoah valley Jackson earned international fame by defeating 60,000 Union soldiers with only 17,000 troops. After the campaign ended he went to help Robert E. Lee in Richmond. He and Lee were very close to each other and knew each other like brothers. Other battles Jackson fought in were The Seven Days Battles, Cedar Mountain, the Second Battle of Bull Run, Antietam, and Fredericksburg. Jackson fought his greatest

George Washington

601 words - 2 pages his childhood life Washington went through many struggles, like the death of his father in 1743 and tragedy struck the young men again with the death of his half brother Lawrence, who had guided and mentored George after his fatherâ??s death.George began going to school in Fredericksburg soon after the family moved to Ferry farm. There are not any records of which his teachers were. Altogether he had no more than 7 or 8 years of school. By

Significant causes of the U.S Civil War, Compromise of 1877, key terms and people

1027 words - 4 pages : Commanding the Army of N. Virginia, he took the offensive in the 7 Days Battle and beat the Union army at the 2nd battle of Bull Run. Lee repulsed Union advances at the battles of Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville and Grant's assaults in the Wilderness Campaign. Lee surrendered to Grant at Appomatox Courthouse.oJackson: At the 1st battle of Bull Run Jackson earned his nick name when he and his brigade stood "like a stone wall." Serving under Lee

"Ulysses S. Grant: An Outstanding Military Figure and the Savior of the Civil War"

1025 words - 4 pages , the Union army had suffered many losses in major battles, Bull Run, Fredericksburg, one of the Union's worst defeats, and Chancellorsville.During the time between the Battles of Bull Run and Fredericksburg, Grant was commanding his own regiment down in Mississippi in the Siege of Vicksburg. The importance of this battle was great because the victory by the Union accomplished one of their goals for the war, to capture the Mississippi River and

GM Powertrain Case Study

1042 words - 4 pages technology and also in improvement tools and training.3. In terms of quality the Fredericksburg plant has been audited and passed all the evaluations to obtain the Automobile Industry QS9000 certification for high standards of quality and reliability. This certification included internal and external suppliers of production and service parts and materials.4. Labour and the UAW (United Auto Workers)Some of the salary comes form overtime and people is

The Battle of Gettysburg: Turning Point of the Civil War

2715 words - 11 pages Potomac. President Lincoln gave direct instructions to General Burnside to attack the Army of Northern Virginia. Burnside moved his army to the area of the Rappahannock River, which was located just outside the town of Fredericksburg, Virginia. When he arrived there on December 13 he found that the rebels had dug in positions that overlooked the river and the town. Due to Burnside’s units moving slowly at getting into attack positions the

Similar Essays

Mg Hancock’s Division At The Battle Of Fredericksburg

2095 words - 8 pages MG Hancock’s Division at the Battle of Fredericksburg Introduction of the battle of Fredericksburg Fredericksburg was the meeting place of the Armies of the Potomac and of Northern Virginia because of political pressure for the Union to achieve a decisive military victory. Winfield Scott’s Anaconda plan, which would have strangled the Confederacy into surrender through economic warfare, was overshadowed by impatience in Washington D.C., and by

The Army Of Potomac Essay

1247 words - 5 pages “Wake up men!” My eyes slowly opened and then reality dawned on me as a cold lump in my stomach. We knew this morning was the moment that we had been preparing for, when the Union engineers finished our pontoon pathway so we could cross the bridge to Fredericksburg- and then travel to the capital of the South, Richmond. In my heart, I knew that something was going to fail- but as a private of the Union Army of Potomac, I was to hold steadfast

The Town That Loves Chicken Essay

847 words - 3 pages The Town that Loves Chicken The part of Pennsylvania, where Fredericksburg lies is known as PA Dutch country USA (PA Towns 1). In this small town of Fredericksburg lies three chicken plants. When you’re anywhere in the town, you could walk to any of the three chicken plants within five minutes. This could be why Fredericksburg takes chicken so seriously. At Bell and Evans Airport in Fredericksburg , which is owned by a chicken

Biography On Civil War General Ambrose Burnsides, And Why He Was So Ineffective.

1000 words - 4 pages initial success in North Carolina brought him much acclaim and got him to the rank of major. A year later Burnside took command of the Army of the Potomac. His first action, at Fredericksburg, showed his distinction as a failure to command and lead. Burnsides plan led to a humiliating and costly defeat at Fredericksburg. Burnsides advance upon Fredericksburg was rapid, but later delays, due to poor planning and communication in getting pontoon