Frederik Taylor And Scientific Management Essay

2012 words - 8 pages

Mechanistic and bureaucratic organizations are known to have a well-structured hierarchy to achieve the most efficient and effective operation, the specialization of task, and repetition of procedures. Mechanistic organizations are rather easier and simpler to organize and maintain. However, it has it difficulties to cope with change and will most probably struggle to encourage organizational learning. The purpose of this essay is to discuss and study the difficulties that mechanistic and bureaucratic organizations might face to encourage organizational learning. Organizations will be analysed and discussed through mechanistic and learning perspectives.

There are several key theories and concepts about the mechanistic perspective. One of it is the principle of scientific management by Frederick Winslow Taylor (1856-1915), an industrial engineer from the United States of America. It is also known as Taylorism. According to Taylor (1911), Taylorism is about using the most efficient way to produce the maximum amount of production. Taylor proposed the idea of simplifying tasks and optimizing jobs would increase the productivity. Jobs were defined and workers would be assigned to task according to their capability and ability to produce maximum effort at that specific task. Worker’s performance would be monitored to ensure that the maximum of efficiency is to be achieved. Organizations are articulated by clear purposes and objectives, specific hierarchical structure and responsibilities to a specific job and formalization of system control and ability to achieve the optimum of efficiency. Taylor’s concept is usually practices by factory industry workers where workers are all been assigned accordingly by their capabilities. However, the fast food industries are also practising Taylorism. The classic example of a fast food industry practicing the concept of Taylorism is McDonalds. Employees at McDonalds required low skills and are not required to think as well. Each employee has a specific task and responsibilities; each task is required to be repeated over and over again until working hours end. All these attributes are applicable to other fast food restaurants such as, Carl’s Junior, Starbucks and etc. Tasks are usually simple, clear, straightforward and repeatable. Mechanistic perspective concepts are very well applied to factory industry and fast food industry, as their task is repeatable, simple and straightforward and only required to achieve the maximum output of efficiency. He proposed that the theory of time and motion has a relatively impact on efficiency of the organization.

Max Weber was a sociologist from Germany. Based on Weber’s perspective, he idealised the structure of organization as the tasks and responsibilities of the workers are defined clearly and their behaviours are strictly controlled and organized by rules and regulations and procedures. Weber has several key principles of his idealisation of organizational structure....

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