This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Free Recall From Short Term Memory And Long Term Memory

1208 words - 5 pages

IntroductionVisual search, the task of finding a target among distractors, is a common task in our daily lives. Whether we are searching for the remote control among a clutter of objects on table, a face in the crowd at the local bus stop, or a meal listing on the menu at the fast-food restaurant, we rely on the mechanism of visual search and attention each and every day. The ease of search depends primarily on how distinguishable the target of search is from the background. Often times, we depend on attention to facilitate this search for our given target. Attention can help one find an object by, say, focusing on the location of the target. There are two modes of attention in which people typically rely on: parallel processing and serial processing. Parallel processing involves investigating and analyzing a multitude of objects on many different kinds of analysis all at the same time. In contrast, serial processing involves investigating each object one at a time.What strikes our interest and the question at hand is whether attention moves in a parallel or serial manner when it comes to searching for a target in respect to the number of distractors displayed as well as the type of search (feature and conjunction) concerned. Feature search is usually much easier in that it refers to looking for “an odd man out”, such as a difference in the size, orientation, or direction of motion of the object. Conjunction search is usually more difficult in that it refers to searching for an object in respect to a combination of features, such as searching among different colors and shapes.In this lab, our focus of attention is essentially how attention works: does attention move in parallel or serial between feature and conjunction searches and what does it tell us about the mechanisms of visual search? This experiment was designed to obtain results to answer this question. Although search times are typically recorded in experiments regarding visual search, this experiment measures the relationship between accuracy of detection of the target object and the number of distractors displayed. We will be able to conclude whether the search in general is parallel or serial by observing the relationship that we obtain between the level of accuracy and our independent variable: the sets of different number of distractors in the background.MethodsThe objective of the experiment for the subject was to search for a T and record as accurately as possible whether a T was present or absent in a given display (or trial). The experiment consisted of a total of 72 trials – 12 trials for each of the 6 conditions. Half of the six conditions were feature searches, in which the target T, if there was one present, was displayed in black among distractor L’s that were white. The other half were conjunction searches, in which the target T, if there was one present, was displayed in white among the similarly colored white distractor L’s. In addition, within...

Find Another Essay On Free recall from short-term memory and long-term memory

Long-Term Memory Essay

1087 words - 5 pages performed, or rehearsal is prevented then the associated information will most likely be lost through decay, conversely if rehearsal takes place then the information in short-term memory is strengthened and retained. The jump from short-term memory to long-term memory happens through encoding. Once something resides in long-term memory its chance of survival goes up dramatically. This does not mean, however, that something in long-term memory cannot be

The Control Processes of Short and Long Term Memory

1194 words - 5 pages to look at it for a brief second, your sensory memory would process this information out and this would allow you to be able recall what you just saw. Short-term Memory Short term memory has 3 key components: limited capacity, limited duration, and encoding. Like stated above Miller (1956) magic number 7 provides evidence of how our short-term memory actually works. The duration of how long we are able to withhold certain information in our

Short Term Memory Theory

825 words - 3 pages later research in the area of short term memory paradigms primarily involves the retrieval ability of both short and long term memory.Theory Measurement/Instrumentation:Experiments in Miller's theory consist of the ability of participants to immediately recall newly gained information. Much of the experimentation analyzed by Miller detailed the methods of coding or chunking the information to the level of comparing specific bits of information. For

Short Term Memory Concept Paper

611 words - 2 pages that short-term memory was independent from sensory and long-term memory stores.Short-term memory acts as a scratch-pad for temporary recall of the information under process. For instance, in order to understand this sentence you need to hold in your mind the beginning of the sentence, as you read the rest. In order to be able to remember things, you have to continue to give attention and rehearse the information, which is the repetition of the

Short and Long Memory

642 words - 3 pages . In the end, both short-term and long-term memory has its similarities and differences as well as advantages and disadvantages. Sometimes there is no need to maintain everything in our brain, so different stages of the memory filter out these things and helps protect from the flood of information confronted on a daily basis. Once the commitment for trying to memorize something is attempted, short-term memory will begin to flicker and by repeating

Memory Recall Using Free Recall vs. Serial Recall

1065 words - 4 pages first recall task, wait one minute after the first recall task, and then begin the second one. The participants that took this experiment on Wednesday were told to do free recall first and serial recall second, while the Thursday participants were told to do serial recall first and free recall second. The procedure for administrating the experiment was the same for both groups. At this time the participants were instructed to only have a piece of

Effects of BackGround Music on Phonological Short-Term Memory

1300 words - 5 pages . Psychological Science, 9(6), 490-493. Lachman, M. E., Weaver, S. L., Bandura, M., Elliot, E., & Lewkowicz, C. J. (1992). Improving memory and control beliefs through cognitive restructuring and self-generated strategies. Journal of Gerontology, 47(5), P293-P299. Salamé, P., & Baddeley, A. (1989). Effects of background music on phonological short-term memory. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 41(1), 107-122. Thaut, M. H., & de l'Etoile

Short-Term Memory Loss in Finding Nemo’s Dori

809 words - 4 pages memory interference, the substituting of new over old information (or vice versa) when learning new information. Although decay probably plays a role in short-term memory loss, interference is a more significant factor according to a major study cited in Psychology: From Inquiry to Understanding (Lilienfeld et al, 2013, p. 248). Dory’s short-term memory loss certainly interferes with her everyday functioning, sometimes puts her in danger, and

Bias and False Memory Recall

1442 words - 6 pages Bias (Mickes et al., 2012). The first study looks into how facial characteristics affect source memory and the latter study investigates the interrelationship between gender and humour and how the associated bias and stereotypes affect the recall of comedic captions. Source memory is the ability to remember the context in which information was presented, rather than what was presented alone (Pandey, 2011). Also, it must be established that, in

Bias and False Memory Recall

685 words - 3 pages Production, and Memory Bias (Mickes et al., 2012). The first study looks into how facial characteristics affect source memory whereas the latter study investigates the interrelationship between gender and humour and how the associated bias and stereotypes affect the recall of comedic captions. In this context, bias is defined as the “distorting influences of present knowledge, beliefs, and feelings on recollection of previous experiences” (Schacter

Link between Verbal Fluency and Phonological Short-Term Memory in Simultaneous Bilinguals and Monolinguals

2242 words - 9 pages noted before the topic is worth the attention and future research should attempt to yield reliable results (Kaushankaya et al., 2011). The present research aims to look at the link between Verbal Fluency and Phonological short-term memory in simultaneous bilinguals and monolinguals. Results from numerous studies have suggested that bilinguals have both their languages activated even when a task is language selective (De Groot, 1992; Francis

Similar Essays

Free Recall Vs. Cued Recall In Short Term Memory

640 words - 3 pages data. The next stage, called the consolidation phase, stores the information and leads into the third stage, the retrieval phase, which makes the stored information readily accessible for future use. Along with the three stage process, memory can consist of three different types of systems: sensory memory, short term memory, and long term memory. The most instantaneous type of memory, which can usually preserve an auditory or visual source that is

Short Term And Long Term Memory

1245 words - 5 pages , it is stored in short term memory. It must remain there for a long time in order for it to be finally stored in long term memory. The means for retaining it in short term memory is known as ‘rehearsal’. By recalling information repeatedly, the chances of this information being transferred from short term to long term memory increases each time. Information stored in short term memory has a very limited time span, and there are

The Interactions Between Short Term Memory And Long Term Memory: What Is The Messaging Protocol?

2060 words - 9 pages There are extensive studies that have examined the effects of lexico -semantic representations of long- term memory on short-term memory. Majerus and Linden (2003) have studied the effects of long-term memory on short-term memory in both adults and children. The goal is to observe lexical words, word frequency, and word imageability effects in adults and children. To achieve such, lists of words were presented for immediate serial recall, and

Sex And Short Term Memory Essay

1485 words - 6 pages shown that this universal notion can only be partially validated; while women are generally superior when it comes to long-term memory and aspects of short-term memory such as multitasking and remembering faces, men excel in other areas that require an equally high short-term memory capacity ("Sex Differences in Memory"; Knox 3; Speck et al. 2583). ​Short-term memory (STM) is defined by Revlin as the system that facilitates the successful