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Free Recall Vs. Cued Recall In Short Term Memory

640 words - 3 pages

Throughout the field of psychology, the fascinations with the human mind and its capacities have led researchers to query and continually assess the complex concept of memory. Memory is the ability to process, store and recall information we obtain from external stimuli and sources. Once exposed to the stimuli, the successful development of memory entails a three stage process. The first stage, the encoding phase, is responsible for entering data. The next stage, called the consolidation phase, stores the information and leads into the third stage, the retrieval phase, which makes the stored information readily accessible for future use. Along with the three stage process, memory can consist of three different types of systems: sensory memory, short term memory, and long term memory. The most instantaneous type of memory, which can usually preserve an auditory or visual source that is under your field of view for only a brief amount of time, is known as sensory memory. The second system is called short term memory and has been proven to hold seven plus or minus two items at a time (Miller, 1956). This type of memory requires constant rehearsal during the consolidation phase in order to be stored into the next system, long term memory. Once information is in long term memory, it can be accessed by a set of retrieval cues such as cued recall and serial recall, which may incorporate all or some of our senses, or may be accessed without any cues assisting the retrieval known as free recall. Having been a profound topic of interest, research has aided to set precedence for further analysis of the human memory.
One of the most central theories that have evolved throughout the exploration of human memory has been the theory of limits. On a quest to find a valid response to the timeless question of the human memory capacity, George Miller analyzed various previous experiments that also aimed to find clarity in the subject. In his article, Miller (1956)...

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