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Free Will Vs. Determinism Essay

1248 words - 5 pages

Free Will vs. Determinism Would it be a strange notion to consider that every event or action had an adequate cause, which brought that event about? In this day in age that idea does seem to be comprehendible. After a deadly plane crash people immediately search for the cause of that crash. Can it be imagined after such a serious event occurring; there might be no cause at all? It doesn't just happen for any reason at all. The types of human behavior for which people are held morally accountable is usually said to be caused by the people who engaged in that behavior. People normally cause their own behavior by making choices; therefore, this type of behavior is thought to be caused by your own choice-makings. This freedom to make your own choices is free will.D'Holbach is a hard determinist advocate. The main point to the hard determinist argument is the denial of the existence of a free will. Everything that occurs is the result of pre-existing causes. Under no circumstances could an event have occurred otherwise. D'Holbach explained that man, "Is born without his own consent; his organization does in no way depend upon himself; his ideas come to him involuntarily." (Abel 286) According to D'Holbach, man has no control over his life. He did not have control over his own birth, and will never have any sort of control over his life. D'Holbach is not denying that people don't have a will, but rather saying our will is not free. He argues, "The will "¦is a modification of the brain, by which it is disposed to action, or prepared to give play to the organs." (Abel 286) Our will in every situation chooses what it believes to be more beneficial to us. D'Holbach stated, "It must necessarily be that he will be attracted by that which he deems advantageous; that his will be determined by those objects which he judges useful." (Abel 286) The main purposes of ones will is to prolong or improve our existence. But other forces also create different desires in us, which makes one act in union with their strongest desires. People are material beings that always subject themselves to the laws of nature. We are always choosing the alternative that puts forth the strongest influence on our will at that particular time. D'Holbach argues, "Two actions will be equally necessary; they will be the effect of that motive which finds itself most [powerful,] which consequently acts in the most coercive manner upon his will." (Abel 287) If people really began to understand our actions they would also understand that their choices are never under any circumstances free. He stresses, "No one moment of his existence is man a free agent." (Abel 291) D'Holbach, stands strong at the claim that everything is determined, and moral responsibility does not exist in any situation.How many decisions does one make throughout the day? It seems that countless choices are made throughout a lifetime. If one chooses something over another thing it was because they wanted to. There are...

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