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Freedom Essay

1217 words - 5 pages

The Towers of Freedom Two men that stood up for their freedom, two men that stood up on what they believe in. These men are Martin Luther King Jr. and Nelson Mandela who stood up like sturdy towers against the torrent of segregation and apartheid. Martin Luther King Jr. was born on January 15, 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia, the eldest son of Martin Luther King, Sr., a Baptist minister, and Alberta Williams King. His father served as pastor of a large Atlanta church, Ebenezer Baptist, which had been founded by Martin Luther King, Jr.'s, maternal grandfather. King, Jr., was ordained as a Baptist minister at age 18.King attended local segregated public schools, where he excelled. He entered nearby Morehouse College at age 15 and graduated with a bachelor's degree in sociology in 1948. After graduating with honors from Crozer Theological Seminary in Pennsylvania in 1951, he went to Boston University where he earned a doctoral degree in systematic theology in 1955. Mandela on the other hand was born on July 18, 1918 in Umtata, South Africa, Xhosa-speaking Thembu chief. He attended the University of Fort Hare in Alice where he became involved in the political struggle against the racial discrimination practiced in South Africa. He was expelled in 1940 for participating in a student demonstration. After moving to Johannesburg, he completed his course work by correspondence through the University of South Africa and received a bachelor's degree in 1942. Mandela then studied law at the University of Witwatersrand in Johannesburg. He became increasingly involved with the African National Congress a multiracial nationalist movement which sought to bring about democratic political change in South Africa. Mandela helped establish the ANC Youth League in 1944 and became its president in 1951. Mandela is older than Martin Luther King by 11 years so if you were to look at it Mandela should have more experience and education than Martin Luther King but that's not what happened Martin Luther King had over 20 degrees. Martin Luther King is known for leading the civil rights movement in the United States and Advocating nonviolent protest against segregation and racial discrimination. On the other side Mandela is known for Leading the antiapartheid movement, first through militancy and later through diplomacy, and symbolizing the struggle of black South Africans during his long period of imprisonment, Negotiating the end of apartheid and leading South Africa's peaceful transition to democratic rule and Winning the 1993 Nobel Peace Prize jointly with F.W. de Klerk. Martin Luther King Jr. is known for this quote "I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character." August, 1963, in a speech to civil rights supporters at the March on Washington and Mandela made a famous quote just like what Martin Luther King did and it was "Only free men can...

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