Freedom Fighters Of The World Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi

1402 words - 6 pages

In 1915, at an age of 45 the advocate, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, returned to his home country; he had made himself a name during his time as an advocate of human rights in South Africa. After spending 21 years in South Africa - at the time a place of horrible racism which would many years later make the way for the regime known as apartheid - Gandhi had obtained an unsought awareness of how Indians were treated throughout the british empire’s colonies. The empire stretched around the whole world with its colonies which it at historical events rightfully, with an almost honour of knighthood had taken upon themselves, from their point of perspective. The newly acquired knowledge of how the world functioned in these colonies compelled Gandhi further on his endeavour to spread his methodology; Satyagraha.

Satyagraha, were the foundation of all Gandhi’s nonviolent protests. Its basic meaning is Truth-force, and spired from his very open-minded way of meeting and adapting to other cultures. This was made clear from his time as a student at the University College London, where he studied indian law and jurisprudence. His choice of place to study was apparently very controversial due to his religion. Gandhi’s family was of the merchant caste so in order for him to travel to England he had to first consult the elders of his caste, a guidance which he didn’t show of any importance as he neglected their advice, to which the elders condemned him to become casteless; an untouchable.

England may have been where Satyagraha first entered Gandhi’s mind. It was first when he came in contact with Theosophical Society through the vegetarian restaurants he visited, because of a promise he had made to his mother, that he became truly religiously engaged and acquired one of his most fundamental cornerstones on which he would build up his philosophy upon, truth.

Back in India after 21 years, he was persuaded to bring justice to all inhabitants of India, no matter religion nor economic status. His first action towards this goal back in India was a protest against recently raised land-taxes, which Gandhi saw as exploiting the poor peasants who mostly were indians. Luckily for Gandhi they were a group not dwelling in fear of what they may lose in their resistance against the unjust regime; many of them had simply close to nothing to lose. Gandhi’s protests was very demanding on its participants and could in many cases involve several months in prison, which was harsh on the merchants of the middle class (not that it was any less harsh for the poor). Because of the poor’s exposed situation and this was partially why Gandhi after his early time in South Africa directed himself more towards the lower class. This critically widen his protest and had a dramatically increased effect, with his demonstrants now overflowing prisons he had got the world’s attention and...

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