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Freedom In Into The Wild By Jon Krakauer And Heart Of Darkness By Joseph Conrad

2015 words - 9 pages

In an advanced society such as ours, there are still restrictions and censorship brought upon the citizens that causes freedom to be oppressed. Ultimate freedom is sought out by many in a quest to improve their living style, although a better life style is not always guaranteed. In the novel Into the Wild by Jon Krakauer and the novella Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad, both authors depict that having complete freedom challenges a persons’ true moral value, which makes the characters realize what truly matters to them and what they need. This realization causes their outlook towards society and life to change. To expand, ultimate freedom causes a person's life to be in jeopardy and in that ...view middle of the document...

McCandless also learns what is truly essential to him, which is to share happiness with someone. In the novella Heart of Darkness, Kurtz also experiences the same thing where, when he approaches his death, he recognises an essential lesson and knows what he actually needs. As Kurtz’s sickness keeps getting worse his final last words are, “‘The horror! The horror!”(Conrad 116). These last words depict that all the horror Kurtz has witness; the exploitation of Africa, the evil within the heart of humans and his own crumbling sanity. By these last words, Kurtz is referring to his own dark deeds but also evil within everyone’s hearts and when a person is in the wilderness that evil is dominant since there is no civilization. As Kurtz is dying, he realises that evil is within everyone and it just takes the wilderness to bring it out. Kurtz also cherishes civilization since he figures out that is what he needs in order for his darkness within him to be controlled. In both text McCandless and Kurtz appreciate the value of civilization and how important it is. McCandless treasures society since he needs it in order to remain happy where as Kurtz values civilization since it helps keeps the darkness within him tamed. Once in the wilderness, a person's life is at stake that causes them to figure out what actually means to them. In this case, Kurtz and McCandless learn the value of civilization which changes their outlook towards society and life.
Inner peace is when a person heart is at rest with their soul and a person is completely happy. Once a person has complete control over their freewill they are aware of what they need in order to achieve inner peace within themselves. In the novel Into the Wild McCandless recognises that he needs society in order to be happy; whereas in the novella Heart of Darkness Charlie Marlow finds he can no longer live in a society if he wants to remain happy. Once McCandless has lived in the Alaska wilderness and has experience full independence he becomes tired of it and tries to region society. When trying to get back to civilization a river is blocking his pathway, “In his journal he now wrote, "Disaster. .. . Rained in. River look impossible. Lonely, scared." He concluded, correctly, that he would probably be swept to his death if he attempted to cross the Teklanika at that place, in those conditions. It would be suicidal; it was simply not an option” (Krakauer 136). This quote suggest that after living in freedom in the Alaska wilderness he then understands what he needs in order to bring inner peace to himself. McCandless knows that he needs society in order to be happy therefore causing him to make the decision to go back, unfortunately there is a river blocking his path forcing him to stay in the wilderness. On the other hand, Marlow once he returns back to Europe he feels uneasy and dreads to be elsewhere. Marlow starts living again in Europe he wishes to go back to wilderness, “I found myself back in the...

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