Many novels about American literature shows several themes to create the plot of the story. In The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, it shows several different themes to illustrate freedom verse civilization. Author Mark Twain shows the society that surrounds Huck, a young child and an escaped slave, Jim. The journey down the Mississippi River leads both Huck and Jim into trouble. What both Huck and Jim seek is freedom, and this freedom shows the difference with civilization along the river. Both Huck and Jim are faced with the determination to escape from their own rules and the need for freedom, which is shown in different ways.
Freedom is not only from Huck's struggle in defining right and wrong, but also freedom from Huck's personal relationships with the Widow Douglas and his father. When he is unable to take the restrictions of life any longer, whether it’s emotional or physical, he releases himself and goes back to what he feels is right and what makes him happy. War and slavery were the biggest issues of this time. To Jim, freedom was more than important. When Jim and Huck meet up, Jim was trying to free himself. Jim was trying to free himself from Miss Watson who was threatening to sell him south, and he was also escaping the suspicion that he was Huck’s murderer. Huck is looking for freedom from his alcoholic dad. Jim wants to have freedom from slavery. Along the way, they encounter the violence, cruelty, greed and hypocrisy of the so-called “sivilized” society.
Traveling the river is in many ways a coming of age experience for Huck because it is during his travels that he is faced with the opportunity to make important choices and develop his strong moral character. Society's idea of civilization, which was demonstrated by Judge Thatcher and Miss Watson, is being well behaved, God-fearing, and polite to your superiors. Huck couldn’t bring himself to do these things. Huck's early doubts of the civilized world all started with his dad, Pap. During most of Huck’s childhood, he had abused him both physically and mentally. Huck ran from his troubles at home down the Mississippi River. The river is where he found his sanctuary.
Jim and Huck were always safe, independent, and free out on the raft. Huck wants his youth and innocence and he feels that civilization would take that away from him. But the river ends up symbolizing freedom in its own way. Huck explains, “So in two...