Freewill Vs Determination Essay

1017 words - 4 pages

The controversy between free will and determinism has been argued about foryears. What is the difference between the two? Looking in a dictionary, free will is thepower, attributed to human beings, of making free choices that are unconstrained byexternal circumstances or by an agency such as fate or divine will. Free will allows freechoice. Yet, determinism is the total opposite. Determinism has this definition: Thephilosophical doctrine that every event, act, and decision is the inescapable consequenceof antecedents that are independent of the human will. Determinism states that humanshave no free will to choose what they wish. That seems real extreme and harsh. Eventhough this is what determinism is, doesn't mean that the determinists are trying to stealyour freedom. It's only what they believe because of religion and cause and effect. Inreligion, many people believe in the existence of a god supports determinism. The basis ofgod is that he is all-knowing and all-powerful. If free will is allowed, there would bedecisions and actions in which God could not know due to the person's choice. Thiswould limit God's omnipotence, which is unacceptable to some. The other argument fordeterminism is causation, or causes and effects. This argument depends on relationshipsthat should happen with the same results every time, such as a baseball breaking awindow, breaking the window. Basing on this, everything in the universe has acause. And if all the causes and the events were known, then it would be possible toeasily predict the future. If everything can be foreseen, then this proves that nothing thatanyone does can change the courses of the future. This, of course, is not possible.Determinism says that what you do can be the cause of what your life turns out to be.This can be true. Yet, you can act otherwise that would steer you off that path of whereyour life was heading. Common sense tells us that we can change, which determinismopposes to. It also says that if we feel we are not forced, we could have acted differently.That is why I choose to side with free will. Determinism has too many extremes and limitsthat, already shown, is not possible in this world.Free will is the mind's ability to choose with intelligence. That doesn't mean thatour choice has all the freedom in the world. Our choices cannot and obviously should notbe totally free from our knowledge, values and perceptions of everyday life and the thingsaround us. Our choices are not free from past thoughts and decisions or from outsideinfluences. The freedom in freewill is not the dismissal of these influencing factors: ourself awareness, our imagination, our ability to seek out knowledge and project the future,and our awareness of and observing our own thinking. This is our source of freedom.This makes us self-determined, being aware of what we want. The proper understandingof free will is that choices are not free from influences, but free to make intelligent choices.If determinism were true,...

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