This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

French And American Criminal Justice Systems

1168 words - 5 pages

French and American Criminal Justice Systems

There many different criminal justice systems in the world today. Some that consists of many of the same policies and some that are considerably different. In the case of France and the U.S. there are a lot of similarities, but I will be focusing on the differences between each of their systems. The aspects that I will be comparing are police, courts, the legal profession, legal education, criminal procedural law, corrections, and juvenile justice and the advantages and disadvantages of each.

The policing system in France is a lot different than the one in the U.S. In France there is one big centralized police system run by the government. Unlike the fragmented police model, which is found in the United States and is attributed to the federated nature of the political system, the centralized police system is imposed on the people by the national government. In France, the emphasis has been on establishing police forces is administered, supervised, and coordinated by the national government (Terrill 212). This is a major advantage because there are most likely the same laws throughout the country. Another difference in policing is the entry system. In America, all recruits have to start out as a patrolman before moving up to a higher ranking and a degree is not necessary for becoming a higher rank, and aren’t required to have a degree. Today 83 percent of all local police departments require at least a high school diploma, and 8 percent require a degree from a two year college (Gaines and Miller 174).

France however, has a four tiered entry scheme which focuses on the university graduate. You must first become a patrol officer, but only with a degree and plenty of schooling and training, you can move up to a plainclothes officer, which are the equivalent of a lieutenant or chief of police. From their perspective, the multilevel entrance scheme enables the police to tap the creative resources of the university graduate (Terrill 224). The disadvantage of this is that many patrol officers with no degree could be just as know ledged and trained as a plainclothes officer, but not be able to move up in the rankings as fast as someone with a degree.

Another difference between the two countries is their court system. France does not practice judicial review. In the United States, the Supreme Court has the principle responsibility of ruling on the constitutionality of all laws. This kind of judicial review is not practiced in France (Terrill 232). In France they have the Constitutional council which has nine members serving a nine year term, they are responsible for election complaints and the legislation made in parliament. The advantage of this is that it reduces the conflict of jurisdictions. But the disadvantage is that our Supreme Court has a longer term than the Constitutional Council which allows more constant laws and fewer laws that will contradict each other.

The aspect of legal...

Find Another Essay On French and American Criminal Justice Systems

War and Criminal Justice Essay

1685 words - 7 pages them, and bring them to justice. But the kind of justice to administer on them, the criminal laws upon which the terrorists could stand trial once apprehended was another bone of contention (Foner 1). Terrorism in international law Justice is the cornerstone of peace. Whether conflicts are resolved through war or peaceful means, justice has to be done and respect for human rights should to be upheld and enforced (Human Rights 1). However, in the

Criminal Justice System and Law Essay

1324 words - 6 pages , probate, contract, Tort cases (personal injuries), and family law (marriages, divorces, adoptions). (Unted States Courts, 2013) References Federal Government. (2003). Dictionary of American History. Retrieved from Hall, S. (1999-2013). How Do Policy Issues Impact the Local Levels of the Criminal Justice System? Retrieved from eHow Discover the expert in you: http

Criminal Justice and Forensic Science

903 words - 4 pages justice department was too late to save the poor and innocent lives that the mother had taken away but they came together and brought all of their resources into the cases and brought justice and peace to the children as they may now rest in peace. Victims have been helpless for way to long and the people want to bring justice to these victims. Even though criminals continue to try to get away with crime every day, the criminal justice and

Criminal Justice Myths and Facts

1690 words - 7 pages provide the necessary information for the construction of a "social reality of crime (Quinney, 1970)." As crime related issues are debated and re debated, shaped and reshaped in public forms, they become distorted into myth, as largely seen in the mass media. The social construction of myths of crime and criminal justice seems to follow a series of recurrent patterns. These patterns allow for an unprecedented amount of social attention to be focused

Computer Forensics and Criminal Justice

745 words - 3 pages A good and clear understanding of the relationship between the criminal justice system and computer crimes is a key factor in the investigation of those crimes. It is important for the investigator to know how to work his/her investigation within the system and not to overlook an element that might hinder or terminate the investigation. Paying attention to the criminal justice system when, dealing with computer crimes results in success in

Criminal Law, Criminal Careers, and the Criminal Justice System

2544 words - 10 pages "America imprisons 756 inmates per 100,000 residents, a rate nearly five times the world's average. About one in every 31 adults in this country is in jail or on supervised release. Either we are the most evil people on earth or we are doing something very wrong." (Webb, 2009, p. 4) This paper will look at basic criminal law, the reasons for lives of crime, a brief outline of the modern criminal justice system, and its future.Criminal

Justice Systems and Citizens Security

1767 words - 8 pages The Justice system comprises of entities which serve to prevent, detect, prosecute, adjudicate and discipline criminal activities. Globally, Justice systems aim to ensure citizen security simultaneously without infringement on the citizen’s rights. The Due Process model is a model which recognizes that the state must respect all the legal rights of a person when carrying out justice. The Due process model questions the criminal justice system as

African American Criminal Justice Graduates in the Real World

891 words - 4 pages presenting numerical data. “Perceptions of Undergraduate Students on Criminology and Criminal Justice” contributes to the subject of African American criminal justice graduates, successfully seeking a career within the field of criminology because it gives the research more realistic data and suggestions. For instance, many students and even criminal justice graduates that work within the criminal justice field were asked about their perception

The American and French Revolutions

1358 words - 5 pages In the latter half of the 18th century, unrest and discontent were growing in the hearts and minds of the average citizens of France and the American colonies. For centuries both England and France had been ruled by monarchs with almost absolute power. Tired of being oppressed by uncaring, distant kings, the common people were being pushed closer and closer to revolution. The American and French Revolutions were inspired by the ideals of the

American Beauty and French Impressionism

1212 words - 5 pages In August 1914 France was going to war. When general mobilization orders for WWI were announced, the French film industry was already retreating from the American cinematic establishment. Large companies were no longer able to produce films in the number or scale that had previously been achieved. A vacuum of sorts opened up which was filled by smaller, independent companies that were often more willing to experiment artistically and risk

The French and American Revolutions

693 words - 3 pages The French and American Revolutions were derived amongst similar motivations to better their governments. However, they differ on other levels based on their actions and outcomes. The American and French revolutions both wanted its citizens to be viewed as equals, just as well as allow them to have some natural rights. Sovereignty however is, viewed differently by the two parties. The core reason for each revolution differs, but they both have

Similar Essays

Court Systems And Criminal Justice Essay

1429 words - 6 pages feel is the most important to eliminating the threat to their safety (Bohm & Haley, 2010, p 234). The third community policing action is “Change Management” the leadership should provide clear guidance for the officers that are associated with in that community and provide the resources to effectively solve problems (Bohm & Haley, 2010, p 235). Source: Bohm, R. & Haley, K. (2010) Introduction to Criminal Justice, (6th Ed) published by

The Australian Legal System, Differences In Civil Law And Criminal Justice, How Can Both Systems Be Improved? Justify

1097 words - 4 pages In Nsw, courts provide a resolution between individuals, corporations, government agencies etc... Courts are the place where the validity and application of law are determined and enforced. In courts there are two systems, Criminal justice and Civil law. Generally Criminal cases involves the person being persecuted by the police or Director of public persecutions for an offence against the law, while civil cases are disputes between people

Racial Disparities In The Criminal Justice System The Purpose For Creation Of Legal Systems In The World Is To Pursue Justice. Pursuance Of Justice Re

1258 words - 5 pages causes of disparities in criminal justice systems among racial and ethnic divides. These causes may differ across the US including crime rates ethnicity, cultural sensitivity, unconscious bias just to mention but a few. This bill therefore provides the mechanisms that may be applied in order to iron out such differences. As a result, American will be divided along racial lines no more. In fact this bill, since it outlines all the factors causing

Media And Criminal Justice Essay

1143 words - 5 pages It can be said quite confidently that the media does influence the criminal justice system as there is a lot of debate in the media that revolves around criminal cases. The forms of media will be identified. And the role of both the judiciary and the jury will be discussed, and ways in which the media can impact their decisions.The ways that the media may inappropriately influence society, can be overcome by making the media minimise or reduce