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French And English Settlers Essay

986 words - 4 pages

Despite their previous failure of colonization, French and English settlers eventually set up colonies during the 17th century. Their ways of handling the new colonies, however, were very different. The French’s kings put a lot of effort into monitoring and protecting their people in America; They were very much involved in their colonies growth. British kings, on the other hand, did little more for the colonies than granting land charters. This laid-back style of ruling allowed the colonies to deteriorate or flourish by themselves, as well as let other influences, such as religion, to reign. For the British colonists, Religion was the reason for emigration from England to America, the most important factor in its success or demise, and the provider of stability within colonies.
In all honesty, the popularity of immigration into the colonies, let alone the very creation of them, is owed to spiritual reasons. Particularly in New England, the settlers often came seeking some sort of religious freedom or haven to worship as they pleased. This grew to be a popular trend because England often struggled with its official religion and its status, more often than not, was fickle and changed along with royalty. In 1632, when England was currently forcing Catholic citizens to pay twice the normal amount of taxes and restricting their ability to participate in society, a man named George Cavert received a ten million acre land charter from king Charles and fully intended it to become a refuge for Catholics where they would have superiority. Though the advantages for Catholics never played out well, the intention resulted in the creation of Maryland and all of its populace being present in North America. Much later, William Penn sought to create a sanctuary similar to Cavert, but this time for his beloved religious sect, the Quakers. Penn created Pennsylvania in 1681 and envisioned it to be peaceful and just, a model for others to follow. Unfortunately those dreams never amounted to more than good intentions and an act of religious tolerance that was never followed. Nevertheless, it resulted in the colony of Pennsylvania, which, in spite of a rocky start, became a thriving and contributing part of colonial British America. In addition to men with dreams being able to create colonies, groups of citizens also were able to accomplish just that. Most recognizably, the Puritan pilgrims created the Plymouth colony in 1620 as a place where they could have spiritual and worshiping freedoms. Though, it remained a small colony, they indulged in peace with their neighboring Indians and a stable living. Moreover, the colonies that came from dreams of religious freedom were only a bonus because the dreams themselves were what drove the majority of British who came to the colonies to emigrate in the first place. Without that drive, the success the British had in attracting citizens to the colonies, as well as creating some of them, would not have occurred.

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