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Freud And Darwin Essay

810 words - 4 pages

Between the mid-19th century and the mid-20th century scientific progress was growing steadily. Two scientists, Darwin and Freud, made significant contributions to their field. Both scientists developed theories which altered the way people thought in many ways. Between 1850 and 1950, traditional ways of thinking about religion, morality, and human behavior were changed by both Charles Darwin and Sigmund Freud.
Darwin challenged the traditional ways of thinking by presenting his theory of biological evolution. Prior to the discoveries of Darwin, it was believed that every creature on earth was divinely and created specifically by God. Darwin’s theory presented that all life started from a ...view middle of the document...

Colonies being taken and nations being controlled under European powers was justified. These colonies’ freedoms being taken away were viewed as acceptable due to Social Darwinism. As the European nations were stronger, the less developed countries or the countries easily conquered were viewed as weaker and inferior. The “fittest” would survive and if a country did not meet those standards it was acceptable to colonize them. Overall Darwin changed the traditional ways of thinking in religion, morality, and human behavior.
Sigmund Freud changed the traditional ways of thinking through his studies in psychology. Previously, it was thought that a conscious mind controlled each human, and that rational thinking resulted in every human action. Freud however developed a different theory, where three areas controlled human action. The id was the unconscious sexually motivated, “pleasure-seeking desires”. The ego was the conscious mind that regulated what a person can do, rationalizing their goals and priorities. The third part was the superego, which were the fundamental moral beliefs that a person had. These three together controlled human behavior, instead of one rationalizing mind. They struggled as the unconscious desires were overbearing, and Freud discovered that defense mechanisms were built by both the individual and society to subdue the unconscious desires that were unacceptable to society. Overall it was the compromising of the unconscious desires, the rational thinking, and the moral values which controlled human action. Freud also...

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